Ingredients Dictionary | Korean Skincare | Skin Library

WORLDWIDE SHIPPING AVAILABLE /// FREE SAMPLES WITH EVERY ORDER /// FREE DELIVERY ON ALL UK ORDERS OVER £25

Ingredients Dictionary

Ingredients Dictionary

1,2-Hexanediol A solvent that helps dissolve other substances. It is a mild coupling agent and humectant and it is usually used in cleansing skincare products.
Abalone Extract Abalone is rich in Omega 3, Phosphorus and Iodine. So it is great for keeping skin hydrated and helps the skin to heal quicker.
Acer Saccharum (Sugar Maple) Extract A naturally derived AHA which gently exfoliates dead skin cells and removes bacteria. It also minimizes and repairs cell damage caused by free radicals.
Acetophenone This ingredient is a aromatic which adds an orange scent to your products.
Acetyl Dipeptide-1 Cetyl Ester A dipeptide which has the ability to stimulate the skin nerve cells to release met-enkephalin to help decrease skin irritations.
Acetyl Dipeptide-3 Aminohexanoate A tripeptide which reinforces the skins natural defence mechanism to protect the skin against damaging external stressors. It also reduces redness.
Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 A peptide which has been praised for its anti-aging properties, as a peptide it binds with water and helps to restore the skin's barrier.
Acetyl Hexapeptide-37 A peptide which works with naturally-occuring aquaporin to enhance skin hydration and has potential to increase collagen production.
Acetyl Methionine A skin-conditioning agent which moisturises the skin to treat dry and flaky skin.
Acetyl Tetrapeptide-40 A peptide which has the ability to reduce the appearance of redness in the skin whilst also having the ability to fade hyperpigmentation.
Achillea Millefolium Extract The bitter astringent with anti-inflammatory and anti bacterial benefits is usually added to cosmetic products to improve the appearance of dry, damaged skin.
Acrylates A film forming agent that helps thicken and stabilise cosmetic products. Commonly found in moisturizers, sunscreens, cleansers and as well as most anti-aging skincare.
Acrylates/ C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer A crosspolymer which is used to thicken the formula and also improves the appearance of the product by giving a glossy sheen.
Adenosine A good soothing skin-restoring agent with anti-wrinkle benefits. It works by energizing the skin's surface helping making skin look smoother and younger, it’s great for all skin types.
Agarum Cribosum Extract The extract of alga which is used to reduce the loss of moisture in the skin by providing the skin with much needed fats.
Alanine An amino acid which hydrates the skin. It also combines with the epidermal cells to fill up creases, leaving soft, smooth skin.
Albatrellus Ovinus Extract A bio-active ingredient which works instantly on the skin to reduce irritation and discomfort. Like injections, it helps the skin to build up tolerance towards irritants.
Alchemilla Vulgaris (Lady's Mantle) Extract This herb gets rid of free radicals which could impair skin elasticity. It also alleviates skin infections and reduces the appearance of large pores.
Alcohol-Denat Anti-foaming agent which helps deliver active ingredient of a product. It's a great contender to battle against acne.
Algae Extract An antioxidant with nutrients and minerals that can help draw toxins from the skin. It can also hydrate, soften an detoxify the skin and replenish essential vitamins.
Allantoin A chemical compound which has the ability to hydrate and sooth the skin, heal and remove excess skin cells. Is effective at treating wounds, burns, skin ulcers and eczema.
Allium Sativum (Garlic) Bulb Extract Garlic has antimicrobial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties to fight off acne. It also protects skin from free radical damage and restores the skin's protective barrier.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract The juice is extracted from the leaves of the Aloe plant which has anti-inflammatory benefits. It can be applied topically to reduce appearance of scars and heal burns.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Aloe vera is a super plant that contains a variety of vitamins. The leaf sap can be used to treat burns, rashes, wounds.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Powder This powder is great for acne-prone skin as it has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It also helps to keep the skin moisturised.
Aloe Barbadensis (Aloe Vera) Leaf Polysaccharides This ingredient is perfect for dry skin as it helps to seal moisture in and prevents the loss of moisture by reinforcing the skin's barrier.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Water The juice is extracted from the leaves of the Aloe plant which has anti-inflammatory benefits. It can be applied topically to reduce appearance of scars and heal burns.
Alteromonas Ferment Extract A bacteria which has soothing and hydrating properties whilst also creating a protective barrier to the skin to prevent moisture loss.
Althaea Officinalis (Marshmallow) Root Extract An extract which has soothing properties to calm skin irritations. It also has moistening and calming properties.
Althaea Rosea Flower Extract A skin conditioning agent that removes excess oil in the skin and also calms skin inflammations.
Althaea Rosea Root Extract A humectant which attracts water to the skin,hydrates the skin and also delivers nutrients to the deepest layers.
Amethyst Extract This quartz stone is said to absorb and reflect far-infrared radiation which can help with blood circulation and also encourages cell regeneration, leaving radiant looking skin.
Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/ VP Copolymer This improves the texture of the formula by creating a smooth gel. It also provides a layer on the skin to prevent moisture loss.
Ananas Sativus (Pineapple) Fruit Extract Pineapple's contain Bromelain which makes it a great mild exfoliant. It also has soothing and moisturizing properties to alleviate dry skin.
Anastatica Hierochuntica (True Rose of Jericho) Extract Rose of Jericho is a moisturising ingredient which in the wild can withstand extreme conditions. This ingredient is a lifesaver of dry skin, replenishing and moisturising the skin.
Anemarrhena Asphodeloides Root Extract An asian botanical member of the aspargus family, can be used for medicinal purposes, but also helps reduce skin inflammation.
Angelica Gigas Root Extract The root extract has a long history in traditional Korean medicine. It contains vitamins, antioxidants and valeric acid, which provide a natural treatment of various skin conditions like eczema.
Angelica Keiskei Extract Also known as Ashitaba, it is a powerful anti-aging ingredient as it acts as an antioxidant to combat free radical damage, preventing the onset of premature wrinkles.
Anhydroxylitol A natural humenctant, which derives from a plant, helps skin absorb and retain moisture and is a great anti-aging product.
Aniba Rosaeodora (Rosewood) Oil An oil which has antimicrobial, skin-conditioning properties to fight of any bacteria whilst also providing moisture to the skin.
Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Extract Chamomile extract has anti-inflammatory properties which can soothe inflammations. It also has antioxidant properties to combat damage-causing free radicals.
Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Oil A perennial herb that has calming antibacterial properties and helps fight against inflammation of the skin.
Apium Graveolens (Celery) Extract An active substance that helps stimulate the production of collagens. Which in turn, will also be beneficial for the regeneration of skin tissue.
Arachidyl Alcohol A fatty alcohol which is highly moisturising and is used to thicken a formula. It will also soothe and soften the skin.
Arachidyl Glucoside A cleansing and surfactant agent used as a mild cleanser to get rid of dirt and impurities in the skin.
Arbutin Rich in antioxidants this skin-conditioning agent is naturally derived from fruits like blueberries and has been found to lighten age spots and help to improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Arctium Lappa (Burdock) Root Extract A skin-conditioning agent which soothes and moisturises skin, preventing dry and flaky skin. It also control oil production to prevent excess oil production.
Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil Argan oil is commonly used a moisturizer and emolient. It is rich in fatty acids and is a powerful antioxidant that can nourish, protect elasticity - great for anti-aging!
Arginine A powerful amino acid that has a human growth hormone (HGH) that works on making the skin look younger and improves hydration and builds up collagen.
Arnica Montana Flower Extract An extract which calms skin inflammations and combats dry and damaged skin by speeding up the healing process and reducing the flakiness of the skin.
Artemisia Absinthium (Mugwort) Extract A mugwort extract that has the ability to cleanse impurities from your blood thus preventing acne and pimples brought about from hormonal acne.
Artemisia Capillaris (Capillary Artemisia) Flower Extract A skin-conditioning agent which moisturises the skin.
Artemisia Princeps Leaf Extract Mugwort helps to soothe irritations, redness and inflammations in the skin. It also protects the skin from free radical damage and moisturises the skin.
Artemisia Umbelliformis Extract This extract is a skin-conditioning agent which means that it provides the skin with much needed fats to ensure that the moisture is sealed in.
Artemisia Vulgaris (Mugwort) Extract An extract from the Mugwort plant and is anti- irritant and anti-inflammatory. It also contains amino acids, proteins to help reduce redness and irritation.
Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) Also known as L-ascorbic acid, it is the most stable and effective form of Vitamin C and prevents free radical damage.
Asiatic Acid Derived from Centella Asiatica, this ingredient has moisturising, healing and anti-aging properties. It also stimulates collagen production, plumping up the skin.
Asiaticoside Derived from Centella Asiatica, this ingredients improves cell turnover to help restore damaged skin and to leave healthy skin.
Aspalathus Linearis (Rooibos) Extract A tea extract with anitoxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits, it also has the ability to protect the skin and maintain a youtful look against environmental stressors.
Asparagus Cochinchinensis Root Extract As a ground powder, it works well as an effective facial.
Aspartic Acid A moisturising amino acid that also acts as a buffering agent to set the pH of the formula to prevent damage and irritation.
Aspergillus Ferment This fermented ingredient is used to fade dark spots and to also help to moisturise the skin so it is used to target hyper-pigmentation and dark spots.
Astragalus Membranaceus Root Extract 1 of 50 fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Includes antioxidants that fight free radicals and slow down premature aging.
Aureobasidium Pullulans Ferment A skin-conditioning agent which creates a layer on the skin to prevent moisture loss. It also protects the skin from free radical damage.
Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Extract Oat's have moisturising and soothing properties which soothes inflammations, it also has natural cleansing properties to get rid of dirt and impurities.
Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Flour The powder of Avena Sativa oats is perfect for soothing minor irritations and helps with cell regeneration leading to more youthful looking skin.
Azelaic Acid Derived from grains, this acid has anti-inflammatory properties to work wonder on inflammed skin, especially those suffering from rosacea. It also improves skin tone and the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Bacillus Ferment A probiotic which removes dead skin cells leaving smooth supple skin.
Backhousia Citriodora Leaf (Lemon Myrtle) Oil An astringent which shrinks pores, tone and cleanse the skin. It also has antibacterial properties to fight off acne-causing bacteria.
Baicalensis Root Extract Also known as Scutellaria Baicalensis (Baikal Skullcap) Root Extract, it is used to manage acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Bambusa Vulgaris Extract Also known as Bamboo extract which is packed full of antioxidants and is rich in silica which stimulates the production of collagen thus improving skin elasticity and reduce sagging.
Beeswax A humectant that helps to reinforce the skins natural protective barrier and lock in the moisture, not only that it is great for acne-prone skin.
Bee Venom Bees venom is a natural botox which firms and smooths out the skin as it stimulates blood circulation, encouraging the production of collagen and elastin.
Behenyl Alcohol An alcohol which helps to thicken the formula and also creates a layer on the skin to prevent the loss of moisture through evaporation.
Benzyl Alcohol An alcohol used as a preservative to prevent contamination and also used as a solvent to improve absorption of active ingredients into the skin.
Benzyl Glycol A solvent which is used to dissolve other ingredients to form a solution.
Bertholletia Excelsa Seed Extract Brazil nuts are potent in antioxidants to fight off free radical damage and helps with restoring the skin's protective barrier.
Beta-Glucan A soluable fibre that helps provide temporary relief from minor skin irritations and helps improve the appearance of smooth skin. It is also a great anti-aging ingredient.
Betaine A humectant and anti-irritant that works well at hydrating the skin as well as being able to decrease the depth of wrinkles and smooth out the skin.
Betaine Salicylate A gentle exfoliant which is used to improve the skin tone, texture and also reduce excess sebum so it is recommened for acne-prone skin.
Betula Alba Bud Extract This extract calms inflammations to the skin, has astringent properties and protects the skin from free radical damage.
Biosaccharide Gum-1 A polysaccharide made by fermenting plants that moisturises and soothes the skin.
Biosaccharide Gum-4 A skin conditioning agent which helps the skin stay moisturised, it also forms a layer to protect the skin from free radical damage.
Bis-PEG-18 Methyl Ether Dimethyl Silane A silicone that works as an emollient to help make skin soft and smooth.
Bixa Orellana Seed Oil An oil which keeps the skin moisturised by providing a layer of protection to prevent the loss of moisture through evaporation.
Borago Officinalis Extract An extract packed full of fatty acids which works great for any skin inflammatories such as dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema.
Borago Officinalis (Borage) Seed Oil This oil treats skin inflammations such as eczema, psoriasis and rosacea. It also nourishes the skin and reduces redness, perfect for treating dry skin.
Boswellia Carterii (Frankincense) Oil This oil reinforces the skin's barrier and improves skin elasticity. It also improves cell turnover to reduce the appearance of scars and aging skin.
Boswellia Serrata Resin Extract Boswellia Serrata is the plant that produces frankincense. It’s a great anti-inflammatory and anti-aging ingredient that improves skin elasticity, reduces wrinkles and firms the skin.
Brassica Oleracea Capitata (Cabbage) Leaf Extract Cabbage improves the skin tone and texture because it contains potassium. It also includes vitamin A and E and can protect your skin from signs of premature aging.
Brassica Oleracea Italica (Broccoli) Extract The seed oil is extracted from the vegetable and is best used on mature skin because it protects it from damage and helps regenerate and activate the cells.
Brassica Rapa (Turnip) Leaf Extract Turnips are high in antioxidants vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E plus manganese and beta-carotene, they have the ability to combat free radicals and prevent DNA damage to cells.
Buddleja Davidii (Butterfly Bush) Extract This extract protects the skin from UVA damage and aid in skin repair. It also has moisturising and soothing properties to keep the skin moisturised.
Butylene Glycol A chemical compound and solvent that helps other products dissolve in water. Also, as a viscosity-decreasing agent, it make applying creams much easier and contains petroleum that dries skin.
Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) Also known as Shea butter it is an emollient that also works as a moisturiser and helps repair skin. Also works as an effective remedy for dark spots, wrinkles, stretch marks and sunburn.
C12-13 Pareth-3 A Polyethylene Glycol Ether which functions as an emulsifying-surfactant to help remove dirt, oil and impurities by reducing the surface tension.
C12-13 Pareth-23 An ether which mixes with dirt and impurities, ready to be rinsed off with water when used in cleansers.
C12-16 Alcohol A fatty alcohol which thickens the formula to create a more spreadable and creamy texture. It also prevents the emulsions in the formula from separating.
C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside A surfactant-emulsifying agent typically found in cleansers to help get rid of dirt and impurities in the skin after getting rinsed with water.
C14-22 Alcohol An emulsion stabilising agent which prevents the formula from separating. It is often used with C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside to form a lightweight texture.
Caffeine An anti-aging ingredient with antioxidants that fight free radicals. It also has natural anti-inflammatory properties that help calm swelling and redness. It is known to reverse UV damage.
Calamine A mixture of Zinc Oxide and Ferric Oxide which works great for soothing irritations, prevent infections and improve skin tone.
Calcium Pantothenate A salt of Pantothentic Acid (Vitamin B5) that can help reduce redness and irritation from blemishes.
Calendula Officinalis (Pot Marigold) Flower Extract Pot Marigold protects the skin from UVA damage and also stimulates collagen production, great for dull skin. It also helps to seal the moisture in.
Calendula Officinalis (Pot Marigold) Flower Oil An oil that has antiseptic and antimicrobial benefits to heal eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis.
Camellia Flower Extract This flower is perfect for hydration and calms inflammations. It also reinforces the skin barrier to protect against those harmful UV rays!
Camellia Japonica Seed Oil An emollient that helps keep skin hydrated, it's also packed with skin boosting fatty acids and works by permeating deep into the skin and promoting cell growth.
Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract Works as an anti-inflammatory agent. Also rich in antioxidants and has the ability to decrease wrinkles. The methylxanthines help stimulate microcirculation that tone the skin.
Camellia Sinensis Leaf Water Works as an anti-inflammatory agent. Also rich in antioxidants and has the ability to decrease wrinkles. The methylxanthines help stimulate microcirculation that tone the skin.
Camomile Oil A calming oil used to soothe irritation and redness in seconds, the anti-inflammatory properties make it ideal for rosacea patients.
Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Oil Derived from the flowers of the Ylang Ylang plant, this oil controls oil levels in the skin and fights off free radicals.
Candida Bombicola/ Glucose/ Methyl Rapeseedate Ferment A surfactant-cleansing agent which reduces the surface tension of the product to make it more spreadable and also gets rid of dirt and impurities when cleansing.
Caprylhydroxamic Acid A chelating agent which neutralises metal ions to prevent the formula from turning rancid. It is a preservative which is used in place of parabens.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride A gentle texture enhancer which helps to give off a silky smooth finish - even for those with sensitive skin. It also reinforces the protective barrier to keep moisture locked in.
Caprylic Hydroxamic Acid This ingredient derives from coconuts which acts a preservative to keep the formula from decaying.
Capryloyl Salicylic Acid Also known as a LHA, it reduces the appearance of dry/damaged skin. It also gets into the deepest layers of the epidermis to gently exfoliate the skin.
Caprylyl Glycol Works as a humectant and skin conditioning agent in moisturising and emollience products. It also has anti-microbial properties which makes it great for moisturisers, sunscreens, anti-aging treatments and cleansers.
Caprylyl Methicone Caprylyl contains silicone and has the ability to temporarily enhance the skin’s appearance by filling fine lines and wrinkles and helping make the skin look plump.
Caramel Caramel is used as a natural colouring agent to give the formula the desired pigmentation.
Carapa Guaianensis Seed Oil Also known as Andiroba oil, this oil moisturises the skin, treating dry and broken skin. It also contains Limmonoids to help reinforce the skins barrier and to soothe any inflammations.
Carbopol 941 This is a brand of Carbomer which used to stabilise and impove the appearance of low viscosity products so it is used in clear gels and lotions.
Carbomer A thickening agent made from acrylic acid that helps control the viscosity and flow of cosmetic products.
Carica (Fig) Fruit Extract The fruit is great at refreshing your skin, it also contains a high amount of Vitamin C. It works as a powerful antioxidant that helps brighten and even out the skin tone.
Carica Papaya (Papaya) Fruit Extract Papaya's are natural AHA's which makes it great for gentle exfoliation. It also protects the skin from sun damage and calms irritated skin.
Carnosine A peptide which protects the skin from free radical damage and slows down the ageing process by preventing glycation from occuring.
Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil Safflower oil is nourishing oil which also helps with oil control. It is also non-comedogenic so there's no chance of clogged pores.
Caulerpa Lentillifera Extract Sea grapes are a marine extract which is moisturising and promotes collagen production, improving skin elasticity and reinforcing the skin's barrier.
Cedrus Atlantica Bark Oil A natural antiseptic that can prevent the development and growth of harmful microorganisms that have negative effect on skin. It can also help treat acne and eczema.
Cellulose A thickening agent used to improve the texture of the formula. It also binds ingredients together and keep moisture locked in.
Cellulose Gum An ingredient which helps to thicken the formula and creates a layer of protection to keep moisture locked in.
Centaurea Cyanus (Cornflower) Flower Extract An anti-inflammatory which helps to soothe irritated skin and is gentle enough to be used under the eyes to treat wrinkles/fine lines.
Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) Extract It has acne fighting and anti-aging benefits as it is packed with amino acids, beta carotene and fatty acids. So it decreases the appearance of wrinkles, fines line and improves skin elesticity.
Ceramide 2 A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Ceramide 3 A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Ceramide NP A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Ceramide NS A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Ceteareth-20 An emulsifier which keep the formula from separating, it also helps to thicken the formula. As an emollient it fills, smooths and softens the skin, creating a velvety smooth texture to the skin.
Cetearyl Alcohol A fatty alcohol which helps to soothe and moisturise dry and flaky skin, smoothing and softening the skin.
Cetearyl Glucoside This ingredient helps to combine formulas and leaves a velvety texture when applied to the skin.
Cetearyl Olivate This ingredient is great for its moisturising and soothing properties as it allows for better retention of moisture in the skin.
Cetyl Alcohol Cetyl alcohol is well known to effectively condition and soften the skin. But regular use of alcohol-based products can seriously damage the skin by weakening the skin’s barrier.
Cetyl Ethylhexanoate A thickening agent, emollient and skin conditioner used to increase the spreadability of a product. It also lubricates the skin to alleviate the appearance of dry patches.
Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 Dimethicone A silicone which combine water and silicone oils. It also attracts water to the surface of the skin, keeping the skin moisturised.
Cereus Grandiflorus (Cactus) Flower Extract A skin-conditioning agent which provides a protective layer on the skin to keep them moisture in, it also combats free radical damage.
Chamaecyparis Obtusa Leaf Extract A skin conditioning agent providing essential fats in order to reinforce the skin's protective barrier and to keep the skin moisturised.
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Extract The flower extract is commonly used to relieve inflammed skin and also works as an antioxidant to soothe and moisturise the skin.
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract This flower extract fights off free radical damage and soothes any inflammations to the skin.
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Water The flower extract is commonly used to relieve inflammed skin and also works as an antioxidant to soothe and moisturise the skin.
Chenopodium Quinoa Seed Extract A skin-conditioning agent which brightens the skin, protects the skin from free radical damage and aids skin barrier repair.
Chlorella Vulgaris Extract This is a skin-conditioning agent potent in antioxidants and has cell regenerative properties. It also stimulates the production of collagen in order to improve skin elasticity and to firm the skin.
Chlorophyllin-Copper Complex Also known as Potassium Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin, it prevents the formation of odours and speeds up the healing process of wounds by slowing the growth of bacteria.
Chlorphenesin A preservative with antibacterial and antifungal traits as it keeps products from changing colour or pH and pevents emulsion breakdown.
Cholesterol A skin conditioner, thickening agent, stabilizer and water binding agent. It also protects the skin from environmental stressors and regulates moisture levels.
Cholesteryl/Behenyl/Octyldodecyl Lauroyl Glutamate A skin-conditioning and skin-protecting agent which helps to moisturise the skin and create a layer to the skin to prevent evaporation of moisture.
Choleth-24 A surfactant-emulsifying agent which is commonly found in cleansers to help emulsify any dirt and impurities to be easily rinsed off with water.
Chondrus Crispus (Carrageenan) Extract This red algae keeps the skin moisturised and is a rich source of nutrients. It also thickens the formula to make it easier to spread.
Chrysanthemum Indicum Flower Extract It hydrates and leaves the skin with a smooth and soft appearance. It is also said to have skin soothing properties to calm skin irritations.
Chrysanthemum Sibiricum Extract A skin-soothing ingredient which has hydrating properties to keep the skin plump and hydrated.
Cimicifuga Dahurica Root Extract Black Cohosh fights off free radical damage and has anti-inflammatory, skin-soothing properties to help calm irritations and inflammations in the skin.
Cimicifuga Racemosa (Black Cohosh) Root Extract A herb that contains isoferulic acids - known to fight inflammation. It also works to boost the estrogen levels thus improving the skin texture and preventing wrinkles, dry skin, acne.
Cinnamomum Cassia (Cinammon) Bark Extract A spice rich in antioxidants, minerals and essential oils. It has anti-inflammatory and antifungal benefits and plumps the skin, treats eczema and acne and improved the skin complexion.
Cinnamon Extract A spice rich in antioxidants, minerals and essential oils. It has anti-inflammatory and antifungal benefits and plumps the skin, treats eczema and acne and improved the skin complexion.
Citric Acid This acid is primarily used to balance the pH of a formula. It is is also used an AHA to gently exfoliate the skin.
Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil Also known as Lime Oil, it has astringent, antibacterial and antiseptic properties which helps to treat acne and fight free radicals thus preventing signs of aging.
Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil A cold pressed oil, commonly used as a gentle antiseptic and for toning and clensing the skin. It can also help with skin irritation.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Extract Oranges are a natural mild exfoliant as it contains AHA's. It is also a natural astringent to shrink pores and control oil production.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Flower Extract This extract functions as a skin-conditioning agent to help moisturise dehydrated, dry and flaky skin.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Flower Oil The flowers of the orange protects and prevents sun damage whilst also encouraging collagen production to maintain healthy skin. It also fights bacteria and reduces the oil on the skin.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Water It is used in anti-aging products to help stimulate collagen, reduce wrinkles and fine lines and also works to calm inflammation.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil This oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial benefits. It also stimulates the regeneration of tissues and improves the skin complexion, improving skin elasticity. It's great for dry, aging and tired skin.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil This oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial benefits. It also stimulates the regeneration of tissues and improves the skin complexion, improving skin elasticity. It's great for dry, aging and tired skin.
Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Peel Oil The oil cleanses the skin and fights acne. It also fights free radicals, stimulates collagen production which improves skin elasticity and diminishes hyper-pigmentation.
Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Fruit Extract Lemons are natural astringents to help shrink pores and remove excess oils.
Citrus medica limonum (lemon) Peel oil This oil has anti-inflammatory and antioxidants which can fight acne. It also stimulates production of collagen to improve skin elasticity and reduce hyper-pigmentation.
Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Oil This oil treats acne and also helps with anti-aging as it is known to increase the potential to absorb vitamin C which in turn promotes collagen production and stimulate blood flow. It is advised that after the use of this oil do not go under direct sunlight.
Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Peel Oil This oil is commonly used as a fragrance agent, it also combats free radical damage - preventing the onset of wrinkles and fine lines.
Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract Grapefruits protects the skin from free radical damage and functions as a chemical exfoliator to get rid of dead skin cells and brighten dull skin.
Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit) Peel Oil A naturally occuring AHA which helps with hyperpigmentation, anti-aging and gentle exfoliation. It also has antibacterial and antifungal properties to fight against blemishes and acne.
Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit) Seed Extract This citrus oil it has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties to fight blemishes and reduce oily skin. It also has anti-aging properties to promote production of Collagen.
Citrus Unshiu (Satsuma Mandarin) Peel Extract Potent in antioxidants and contains phenolic acids and flavonoids. So this extract is great for relieving irritations caused by skin disorders.
Cocamidopropyl Betaine It removes dirt and oil by decreasing surface tension of water, it also has thickening and foaming properties which helps to moisturise the skin.
Coccinia Indica (Ivy Gourd) Fruit Extract An extract which helps to protect the skin from an imbalance of naturally-ocurring substances on the skin's surface. It also seals the moisture in.
Coco-Glucoside A moisturising cleansing agent which reduces the surface tension and releases the dirt and impurities in the skin, ready to be rinsed with water.
Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil Packed with fatty acids and antioxidants, this oil works to rehydrate the skin. It reinforces the barrier to keep external stressors out, slowing down the aging process.
Codium Fragile Extract A seaweed which functions as a skin-conditioning agent to keep the skin moisturised preventing the onset of dry and flaky skin.
Codium Tomentosum Extract Also known as Velvet Horn and Spongeweed which has moisturising properties and also promotes healthy skin cell production to allow for wounds to heal quicker.
Copaifera Officinalis (Balsam Copaiba) Resin This ingredient has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal properties which is used to treat skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
Copolymer A stabilizer, film forming agent and texture enhancer which its film has water-binding properties leaving the skin with a smooth finish.
Copper Tripeptide-1 A key ingredient in anti-aging products, it has anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants which encourage the production of collagen to aid with skin firmness and elasticity.
Coptis Chinensis Root Extract An ingredient which functions as an antioxidant, fighting free radical damage caused by pollution and UV rays.
Coptis Japonica Extract An extract with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. It also creates a smooth layer which prevents the loss of moisture to keep the skin moisturised.
Corallina Officinalis Extract An extract which is often ground up to form a powder to be used as an exfoliant. It also promotes cell production to reveal healthier, youthful looking skin.
Corchorus Olitorius Leaf Extract A hydrating ingredient which contains polysaccharides to provide hydration to the skin by reinforcing the skins moisture barrier, having the ability to treat atopic dermatitis.
Cornus Officinalis Fruit Extract A Skin conditioning agent which has anti-inflammatory properties
Corylus Avellana (Hazelnut) Bud Extract A skin-conditioning agent which helps the skin stay moisturised.
Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract An extract great for protecting the skin from sun damage. It also calms inflammations and irritations. It keeps the skin hydrated and improves skin elasticity thanks to the polysaccharides and Vitamin K.
Curcuma Longa (Tumeric) Root Extract Tumeric has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties to help acne-prone skin. It also has antioxidant properties to protect the skin from sun damage.
Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Extract Pumpkin protects the skin from free radical damage and contains moisturising fatty acids. It also gently exfoliates the skin, revealing a brighter complexion.
Cuscuta Australis Seed Extract Commonly known as Australian Dodder it functions as skin conditioner in cosmetics. It provides relief for dry and flaky skin as it is hydrating.
Cyclohexasiloxane A skin conditioning agent and emollient which smooths the texture of the skin and can provide a temporary "plump" look due to the ability to fill in fine lines.
Cyclopentasiloxane A skin conditioning agent leaving the skin with a smooth finish. This ingredient is believed to have skin healing properties in order to remove wrinkles, blemishes or effects of rosacea.
Cymbopogon Martini (Palmarosa) Oil It improves skin elasticity and keeps the skin soft and supple. It also controls sebum production and has anti-microbial properties to combat acne and pimples.
Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass) Extract Derived from lemongrass which is mainly used a fragrance additive due to its lemon scent. It has antibacterial and antifungal properties which helps to fight acne and reduce oils.
Cynara Scolymus (Artichoke) Extract Artichokes protect the skin from free radical damage and contains Vitamin C to promote healthy collagen production, reinforcing the skin's protective barrier.
Cysteine An amino acid which protects the skin from sun damage and can also help to reduce the appearance of pimples.
D-Panthenol This is derived from Vitamin B5 which has regenerative properties to combat wrinkles and redness. So it helps improve skin elasticity and tone the overall complexion.
Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Root Extract A powerful anti-aging ingredient and antioxidant superstar with the ability to stimulate new cellular growth. Also proven to be a vital vegetable in fighting free radical damage naturally & safely.
Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Seed Oil An emollient high in vitamins and a potent antioxidant which will help the skin to recover from sun-damage. It will also help with mature skin as it contributes to improving skin elasticity.
Decyl Glucoside A surfactant which works as a mild cleansing agent, combining with dirt and impurities, without stripping the skin.
Dehydroacetic Acid A preservative which kills and prevents growth of microorganisms, preventing a product from spoiling.
Dextrin Dextrin creates a smooth and uniform texture in a formula and has the ability to moisturise and soothe dry skin.
DI Water - 1/2/3 DI, also known as distilled water, is used as a solvent and washing your face with the water will improve the penetration of used after your cleanse.
Dicaprylyl Carbonate A diester which is often used in sunscreens as it makes the formula easier to spread. When applied, it moisturises the skin and creates a smooth, soft texture.
Diethoxyethyl Succinate A diester which functions as a solvent, which helps other ingredients dissolve in the formula.
Diglycerin A humectant and skin conditioning agent which absorbs water a slow rate leaving skin nourished for longer.
Dimethicone A silicone oil that fills in uneven texture and fine lines. It also provides a protective cover on skin, which keeps moisture in and leaves skin hydrated for longer.
Dimethicone Crosspolymer It improves the spreadability of a formula and also forms a layer on the skin to prevent moisture loss, giving off a smooth and soft appearance.
Dimethicone/ Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer A viscosity controlling agent which helps to increase the viscosity of a formula.
Dimethiconol A silicone polymer which forms a layer on the skin to prevent moisture loss. It also reduces the depth of wrinkles to create plump skin.
Dimethyl Sulfone Also known as Methyl Sulfonyl Methane (MSM), it is essentially sulfur which enhances the absorption of active ingredients. It also promotes the production of glutathione to protect the skin from free radical damage.
Dioscorea Japonica Root Extract A skin conditioning agent which has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. It diminishes the appearance of dark spots, prevents the appearance of hyper-pigmentation and has anti-aging benefits.
Dioscorea Villosa (Wild Yam) Root Extract Wild Yam functions as a skin-conditioning agent to reduce the appearance of flaky and dry skin.
Diospyros Kaki Leaf Extract Persimmons are potent in Vitamin C which protects the skin from free radicals such as UV rays which is one of the factors that cause skin aging.
Dipentaerythrityl Hexa C5-9 Acid Esters A skin-conditioning agent which moisturises the skin to prevent dry and flaky skin.
Dipentaerythrityl Hexahydroxystearate/ Hexastearate/ Hexaro Sinate A hexaester which thickens the formula and moisturises the skin.
Diphenylsiloxy Phenyl Trimethicone A foaming agent, derived from silicone that helps slow down the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin’s surface.
Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate A conditioning agent used to help dry, damaged skin by reducing flakiness and restoring suppleness in the skin.
Dipropylene Glycol A texture enhancer and masking agents used in sunscreens, anti-aging products and antiperspirant. It should be noted that it is a known irritant, especially around the eyes and skin.
Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate A surfactant which can be used to create the foam in products, it has the ability to cleanse without stripping the skin of its natural oils.
Disodium EDTA A preservative, chelator and stabilizer that is useful in rise-off products. It helps enhance the penetration of other ingredients contained in the product.
Disodium Stearoyl Glutamate This ingredient reduces the surface tension to help get rid of dirt, makeup and impurities that may be on the skin.
Divinyldimethicone/ Dimethicone Copolymer A siloxane polymer which creates a layer on the skin to prevent the loss of moisture, great for dry and dehydrated skin.
Dunaliella Salina Extract A micro-algae which protects the skin from free radicals by neutralising any free radicals at the surface of the skin to prevent damage.
Ecklonia Cava Extract A marine extract which is moisturising, it also contains Polyphenols which works as an antioxidant to combat free radical damage.
Eclipta Prostrata Leaf Extract A skin conditioning agent which is a powerful antioxidant and helps to soothe skin. So it is used in products which helps with skin irritations like insect bites and swelling.
EDTA-2NA Also known as Disodium EDTA, a preservative, chelator and stabilizer that is useful in rinse-off products. It helps enhance the penetration of other ingredients contained in the product.
Elaeis Guineensis (Palm) Oil An emollient which is full of antioxidants which helps to repair and protect the skin from free radical damage, preventing premature skin aging.
Enantia Chlorantha Bark Extract This regulates the oil levels in the sebaceous glands and helps to create a later on the skin to seal the moisture in for a prolonged time.
Enteromorpha Compressa Extract This extract is from green Algae which has anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties. It is an emulsifier which is packed with antioxidants and is an anti-wrinkle agent.
Ethyl Ascorbyl Ether This is derived from Vitamin C which is used for its antioxidant and skin lightening properties. It is used instead of Vitamin C as it is more stable against oxidation.
Epilobium Fleischeri Extract Also known as Alpine Willowherb, it controls sebum production and reduces pore size. It fights free radicals, and has skin calming properties.
Erythritol A humectant which attracts water from the air to the skin, to keep the skin moisturised and prevent moisture loss.
Ethyl Hexanediol A solvent which is safe to use in concentrations of up to 5%.
Ethylhexylglycerin A preservative used as an alternative to harmful parabens, as it is safer and more effective. Also increases the shelf-life of beauty products and helps treat eczema.
Ethylhexyl Palmitate This improves the absorption of active ingredients to the skin. It also moisturising to combat dry and flaky skin.
Eucalyptus Leaf Extract This extract protects the skin from free radical damage and stimulates the production of ceramides to provide relief for dry and dehydrated skin.
Eucalyptus Oil This oil is great for acne as it has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiseptic and antifungal properties. It is also good for soothing irritations like insect bites as it is an anti-inflammatory.
Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax This is used as an alternative to beeswax as it prevents the loss of moisture and thickens the formula, making it easier to spread.
Euterpe Oleracea (Acai) Fruit Extract Acai berries prevent free radical damage and tightens the skin to reduce signs of aging.
Farnesol An ingredient used to improve the fragrance of the formula.
Farnesyl Acetate An ester which minimises pore size, hydrates the skin without clogging pores and prepares the skin for future steps.
Ferula Galbaniflua (Ferula Gummosa) Resin Oil This oil has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties so it works well on acne. It also stimulates blood circulation which will then lead to skin-regenerative properties.
Ficus Carica (Fig) Fruit Extract The fruit is great at refreshing your skin, it also contains a high amount of Vitamin C. It works as a powerful antioxidant that helps brighten and even out the skin tone.
Forsythia Suspensa Fruit Extract This extract is used for its antioxidant and antibacterial properties.
Fragaria Chiloensis (Strawberry) Fruit Extract Strawberries functions as an antioxidant to protect the skin against free radical damage which causes premature ageing. It also contains saccharides to hydrate the skin.
Fructan A skin-conditioning agent and humectant which has anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties.
Fructooligosaccharides A prebiotic sugar which is used alongside probiotics in order to prevents effects of the external environment which leads to redness, dryness and signs of aging.
Fucus Vesiculosus Extract This algae prevents skin damage by neutralising the free radicals before it can cause any damage. It also helps to improve hydration and skin elasticity.
Gaultheria Procumbens (Wintergreen) Leaf Extract A skin-conditioning agent which keeps the skin moisturised to prevent dry and flaky skin, it also shrinks pore size and controls oil production.
Gelidium Cartilagineum (Red Algae) Extract Red algae prevents skin damage by neutralising the free radicals before it can cause any damage. It also firms the skin and reduces the appearance of cellulite.
Gentiana Lutea (Yellow Gentian) Root Extract Protects the skin from sun damage and reinforces the skins barrier which can help prevent skin disorders where the skin's barrier is broken, such as eczema.
Geranium Maculatum Oil Geranium oil is a mild astringent which shrinks pores and controls oil production. It also has anti-inflammatory properties to soothe irritations and inflammations.
Ginkgo Biloba Nut Extract A cleansing agent potent in antioxidants which will reduce the signs of aging. It also soothes sensitive skin and clears clogged pores for those with oily skin.
Ginseng Gum Extracted from Ginseng, this ingredient has anti-inflammatory properties which helps to soothe inflammations such as eczema.
Glacier Water Glacier water is essential to helping keep our skin health in the best condition as well as helping balance the pH levels in the skin.
Gluconolactone A PHA which helps to improve the skins surface, to make it smoother. It also protects the skin from free radical damage.
Glucose A sugar which attracts water molecules to the skin to keep the skin moisturised.
Glutathione A peptide which neutralises free radicals, preventing the onset of wrinkles and signs of aging. It also has brightening properties to reduce hyperpigmentation.
Glycereth-26 A Skin-conditioning agent, humectant, emollient and thickening agent.
Glycerin Glycerin moisturises the skin by drawing water from the air into the skin’s outer layer. It forms a protective layer on the skin that helps prevent loss of moisture.
Glyceryl Acrylate/Acrylic Acid Copolymer A hydrating ingredient which thickens the formula to create a smooth, soft appearance. It also forms a layer on the skin to prevent moisture loss.
Glyceryl Caprylate A stabilizer for emulsions where it replenishes the oils in the skin and adjusts the moisture levels in the skin. It is also a preservative to prevent products from spoiling.
Glyceryl Citrate/ Lactate/ Linoleate/ Oleate An emulsifier which combines oil-loving and water-loving together. It also keeps the skin moisturised by forming a protective barrier, preventing moisture loss.
Glyceryl Glucoside An ingredient which attracts water to the skin to keep the skin moisturised, great for combatting dry and dehydrated skin.
Glyceryl Stearate Acts as a lubricant to give a smooth, soft appearance to the skin whilst creating a protective barrier to reduce the loss of water.
Glyceryl Stearate SE This is a self-emulsifying version of glyceryl stearate, it helps to form emulsions with water-loving and oil-loving compounds.
Glycine An amino acid which is used to control the pH of the formula. It also stimulates collagen production and enhances the ability to retain moisture.
Glycine Max (Soybean) Seed Extract Soybeans are great for moisturising and is packed with Vitamin E which encourages skin cell regeneration, improving the appearance of fine lines.
Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil This oil provides lipids to the skin to make it softer and smoother and to prevent moisture loss. It also fights off free radicals and promotes the production of healthy skin.
Glycine Soja (Soybean) Sterols An emollient which fills in, smooths and softens the surface of the skin to keep the skin moisturised, smooth and soft.
Glycolic Acid Fabulous for anti-aging which can improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It also helps to improve the appearance of acne whe used as a chemical peel.
Glycol Distearate An ingredient used to thicken formulas to make it easier to spread. It also helps to keep the skin moisturised by locking moisture in.
Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract An extract with skin-soothing, anti-inflamatory and antioxidant properties which calms redness in sensitive skin, acne prone skin and reduces uneven skin-tone.
Gold Extract This extract fights signs of aging by slowing down the depletion of collagen. This extract also improves blood circulation in order to achieve a bright and radiant complexion.
Green Tea Extract Helps treat dark circles and puffy eyes, has antioxidants that can delay aging, and also help with acne.
Haematococcus Pluvialis (Algae) Extract A microalgae which is rich in Astaxanthin, protecting the skin from sun damage and delays skin photoaging.
Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract A skin-conditioning agent which has tannins which provides its astringent properties. It also has anti-inflammatory properties which will help to soothe irritations.
Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Leaf Water A skin-conditioning agent used to provide relief for dry and flaky skin by moisturising the skin. It also contains tannins to reduce pore size.
Hedera Helix (Ivy) Leaf Extract Ivy extract is a natural astringent to cleanse the skin, tighten pores, dry excess oils and cleanses skin. It also soothes skin inflammations.
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil A skin-conditioning and emollient agent that is high in antioxidants. The linoleic acid in this oil helps the skin to retain its moistures by strengthening the protective barrier.
Hexanoyl Dipeptide-3 Norleucine Acetate A tripeptide which stimulates cell regeneration, hydrates and refines the skin texture to improve signs of aging and to leave a brighter complexion.
Hexylene Glycol A solvent and thickening agent used to increase the spreadability of a formula.
Hieracium Pilosella Extract An astringent which shrink pores and gets rid of excess oils in the skin. It also moisturises the skin to prevent dry and flaky skin.
Hippophae Rhamnoides (Sea Buckthorn) Fruit Extract A godsend for anti-aging, it fights free radical damage and keeps the skin firm. It also soothes and moisturises the skin.
Hippophae Rhamnoides Oil This oil prevents signs of aging by protecting the skin from free radicals like UV rays and promotes cell regeneration - reducing wrinkles and hyperpigmentation.
Histidine An amino acid which protects the skin from free radical damage, it also has the ability to soothe irritated skin.
Honey Extract A skin-conditioning agent and humectant packed with antioxidants which helps to soothe skin and any irritations by producting a protective barrier.
Horse Fat This fat is used to cure skin ailments like eczema. It contains linolenic acid which has anti-inflammatory products in order to soothe the skin but also rejunenates the skin barrier.
Houttuynia Cordata Extract It is used to soothe inflammations and exfoliate the skin.
Humulus Lupulus (Hops) Extract A skin-conditioning agent which has antibacterial properties to combat acne-causing bacteria.
Hyacinthus Orientalis (Hyacinth) Extract A skin-conditioning agent which has antimicrobial, antifungal, and antibacteria properties which will help to treat skin disorders like acne and eczema.
Hyaluronic Acid This acid had the ability to replenish the moisture in the skin as well as helping revitalise the skin’s outer layer, making it look soft and smooth.
Hydrogenated Castor Oil This is used as an emollient, thickener and stabilizer.
Hydrogenated Lecithin A more stable version of Lecithin that works as a better emulsifying agent and its skin cell penetrative properties are optimised.
Hydrogenated Phosphatidylcholine A skin-restoring ingredient which protects the skin from UVB damage. It also helps other active ingredients to penetrate into the skin.
Hydrogenated Polydecene A synthetic polymer which forms a smooth and soft layer to the skin, to prevent moisture loss.
Hydrogenated Polyisobutene Prevents the loss of moisture by reinforcing the skin's natural barrier. It is also found in water resistant sun screens to protect the skin from sun damage even after coming into contact with water.
Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil An oil which creates a slip to the skin, creating a smooth and soft feel to the skin. It also thickens the formula.
Hydrolyzed Algae Extract The hydrolyzed form of algae extract, which is rich in polysaccharides which allows the ingredient to protect the skin from sun damage.
Hydrolyzed Collagen It slows down the process of photo-aging caused by UV radiation and reinforces the protective barrier to maintain moisture and to leave toned and firm skin.
Hydrolyzed Conchiolin Protein A chemically altered protein derived from pearl oysters, it reduces the appearance of dry and flaky skin thanks to its moisturising properties.
Hydrolyzed Eggshell Membrane It dimishes the appearance of wrinkles due to the collagen in the eggshell membrane. Collagen helps to regenerate the skin thus filling in the fine lines and wrinkles.
Hydrolyzed Elastin Also known as marine collagen, it moisturises the skin, improves skin elasticity and stimulates cell regeneration to create a brighter complexion.
Hydrolyzed Glycine Soja (Soy) Protein A skin-conditioner used to moisturise the skin, it also protects the skin from sun damage and restores the skin's natural barrier.
Hydrolyzed Glycosaminoglycans A deeply hydrating and moisturising ingredient which improves skin elasticity by binding water to the skin.
Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid A chemically cut version of Hyaluronic Acid which is great for absorbing water to keep the skin hydrated, improving skin elasticity.
Hydrolyzed Jojoba Esters This is a great emollient and occulent which means that moisture stays locked into the skin.
Hydrolyzed Malt Extract A hydrolysate of malt extract which functions as a skin conditioning agent.
Hydrolyzed Pea Protein A skin-conditioning agent which moisturises the skin, it also protects the skin from free radical damage and promotes collagen production, to reveal healthier skin.
Hydrolyzed Pearl A skin-conditioning agent which has brightening properties, rebuilds the skins protective barrier and hydrates the skin.
Hydrolyzed Sodium Hyaluronate A moisturising and repairing agent produced from the process of hydrolysis of Sodium Hyaluronate which is known for its ability to aborb water - keeping the skin hydrated.
Hydrolyzed Ulva Lactuca Extract The hydrolysate of Ulva Lactuca Extract, it is used as a skin-conditioning agent to keep the skin hydrated by preventing the loss of moisture.
Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein A surfactant, foaming and skin-conditioning agent. It creates a workable foam in cleansers and can be used to moisturise the skin.
Hydroxyacetophenone A preservative booster which has anti-irritant and antioxidant benefits, it is a stable ingredient so can be be used in various pH levels and temperatures.
Hydroxyethyl Acrylate A gelling agent that thickens, emulsifies, and stabilizes products. It provides a sensation of freshness followed by a melting effect on the skin, leaving skin feeling velvety soft.
Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/ Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer A copolymer which combines oils and water in the formula. It also increases the thickness of the formula, when applied it leaves a velvety feel.
Hydroxyethylcellulose A thickening agent and preservative which enhances the texture of a product.
Hydroxyethyl Urea A godsend for dehydrated and aging skin. This humectant helps the skin maintain its moisture levels and improve cell turnover leaving a more youthful and healthier appearance.
Hydroxydecyl Ubiquinone An antioxidant which protects the skin from free radical damage which would create wrinkles and fine lines.
Hydroxypropyl Cyclodextrin A chelating agent which combines with metal ions to prevent contamination and discolouration of a formula.
Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose Also known as hypromellose, a polymer which functions as a thickening agent to make the formula more easier to work with.
Hydroxypropyltrimonium Hyaluronate A film-forming agent which creates a layer to prevent moisture loss, this layer will also give the skin a more smoother and softer appearance.
Hydroxystearic Acid Hydroxystearic acid functions as a surfactant-cleansing agent to combine with dirt and impurities, ready to be rinsed off with water.
Hypnea Musciformis Extract An extract of red algae which is a skin protecting agent that promotes cell turnover, prevents damage to collagen and moisturises the skin.
Illicium Verum (Anise) Fruit Extract An extract of Anise, which functions as a skin conditioning-miscellaneous agent to provide relief for dry and flaky skin.
Illite Green Clay acts as an exfoliator to remove dead skin cells, impurities and excess sebum, revealing a brighter complexion.
Inonotus Obliquus (Mushroom) Extract Chaga mushrooms works wonders for anti-aging as it fights off free radical damage, stimulates collagen production and reinforces the skins barrier - plumping up the skin.
Inulin Lauryl Carbamate A Polymeric emulsifier derived from Inulin. It helps to stabilise emulsions to prevent the emulsions from clumping together.
Iron Oxides (CI 77492) A colourant which gives the formula a yellow pigment, these pigments are not found to cause irritation even to sensitive skin.
Isohexadecane A Skin-conditioning agent which is used to create a creamy thick formula, so when applied to the skin it leaves a non-greasy smooth finish.
Isoleucine An alpha amino acid which acts as a water-binding agent.
Isononyl Isononanoate A synthetic ester which creates a layer on the skin to create a smooth, velvety finish and prevents the loss of water.
Isopentyldiol A humectant which prevents water loss, it also keeps the skin smooth and moisturised without leaving a tacky feeling to the skin.
Isopropyl Myristate Enhances the texture of a formula to give it a silky, velvety texture. It also thickens the formula and increases the absorption of ingredients into the skin.
Jania Rubens Extract Calcified red Algae is packed full of minerals and has moisturising properties to keep the skin moisturised and hydrated.
Jasminum Officinale (Jasmine) Oil This oil has anti-aging, moisturising and non-irritating properties. The antioxidants will protect the skin from environmental stressors and will reduce the appearance of age spots.
Juglans Regia (Persian Walnut) Leaf Extract Walnut leaves protects the skin from free radical damage and reinforces the skins protective barrier to keep skin healthy and youthful-looking.
Juniperus Communis (Juniper) Fruit Oil This is a natural astingent and rich in antioxidants which gets rid of the environmental stressors. It also tones and firms the skin so it is often used in toners.
Juniperus mexicana oil This is an aromatic used to treat eczema, oily skin and acne.
Kaolin A soft clay which can be used to cleanse and gently exfoliate the skin, it also controls oil production. With prolonged use it will tone and tighten the skin to give off a more youthful appearance.
Kjellmaniella Gyrata Extract A brown seaweed very rich in Fucoidon which has deeply hydrating properties, protects the skin from sun damage and improves skin elasticity.
Lactic Acid An AHA which helps to minimise acne breakouts and reduce the appearance of wrinkles/ fine lines. It is also a gentle exfoliant to remove dead skin cells.
Lactobacillus Ferment A probiotic which claims to be beneficial for anti-aging and acne but its benefits are brought out when ingested through food or supplements.
Lactobacillus/Soybean Ferment Extract This extract has skin regenerative properties due to the amino acids produced in the fermentation process. It is moisturising and can reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
Lactobionic Acid A gentle exfoliant which also protects the skin from damage. It also attracts moisture and locks it in, perfect for dry and dehydrated skin.
Laminaria Cloustoni (Brown Algae) Extract A hydrating ingredient which also firms the skin and reduces inflammations. It is also great for brightening dull skin.
Laminaria Digitata Extract Kelp is potent with antioxidants and has a high content of water which keeps the skin hydrated and improves skin elasticity. Not only that, It also improves pigmentation and protects sensitive skin.
Laminaria Japonica Extract Seaweed reduces water loss by reinforcing the protective barrier. It also removes toxins from the skin which gives a long-lasting radiant finish to the skin.
Laminaria Saccharina (Sugar Kelp) Extract A brown algae which has moisturising and skin protecting properties. It also contains phenolic compounds to soothe skin and protect the skin from external stressors.
Lanette-O This is a brand of Cetearyl Alcohol, which conditions and softens the skin. But regular use of alcohol-based products can seriously damage the skin by weakening the skin's barrier.
Lauramide DEA Lauramide DEA helps to create a foam and stabilises the foam produced. It also thickens the formula, making it easier to work with.
Lauric Acid A fatty acid which calms and soothes skin inflammations caused by acne. It is commonly used in cleansers to get rid of dirt and impurities.
Lauryl Alcohol Also known as 1-dodecanol, it is a fatty alcohol which helps to control the texture of the formula and to moisturise dry skin.
Lauryl Glucoside A mild cleansing agent which helps water mix with oils and dirt so it can be rinsed off with water.
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract Lavender has anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties to calm skin irritations.
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Flower Water Lavender has soothing and healing properties and has antibacterial properties to calm sensitive skin and to reduce acne breakouts .
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil Also known as Lavender Oil, which has antioxidants, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. So it provides relief for eczema, acne and psoriasis. However it is a known allergen.
Lavender Oil This oil has antioxidants, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. So it provides relief for eczema, acne and psoriasis. However it is a known allergen.
Lecithin An emollient and softening agent. Its moisturizing properties help to keep the skin hydrated, making it an excellent addition for restorative creams, or for products designed for overworked skin.
Ledum Palustre Extract Used as a masking agent to mask the scents of other ingredients and as a toner to prepare the skin for the next steps.
Lemon Oil A natural astringent which has toning and skin-tightening effects. This is ideal for dull, oily and stressed skin. However it advised not to go under direct sunlight after application.
Leontopodium Alpinum Flower/ Leaf Extract Also known as Edelweiss, this protects the skin from free radical damage. It also penetrate the skins to provide long-lasting moisture, reduce skin sensitivity and strengthen the skin's natural protective barrier.
Leucine An acid which is great in anti-aging products as it promotes cell turnover, reduces fine lines, and tones the skin to improve skin elasticity.
Leucojum Aestivum Bulb Extract A skin-protecting agent which is used to protect the skin from external stressors. It also slows down the aging process and improves skin elasticity.
Leuconostoc/ Radish Root Ferment Filtrate A natural microbial preservative which helps to prevent the formula from being contaminated and reducing the effectiveness of the formula.
Lime Oil It tones the skin and treats bacterial infections but mostly used for its frangrance. However it is a skin sensitizer and photosensitizer.
Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil A non-greasy and lightweight oil which has moisturising properties to create a barrier to the skin and preventing the loss of moisture.
Linoleic acid An essential fatty acid which fills in and smooth out the skin. It also helps to reinforce the skins protective barrier, keeping irritants out.
Linolenic Acid An omega-3 fatty acid which functions as a skin-conditioning agent and skin-restorative agent. It is moisturising and helps to reinforce the skin's protective barrier.
Linum Usitatissimum (Flax) Seed Extract Also known as Linseed,a skin-conditioning agent as it contains fatty acids to hydrate the skin, tighten, firm, tone the skin. It also contains antioxidants to combat free radical damage.
Liquid Paraffin Also known as Mineral Oil, an occlusive emollient which prevents the loss of moisture by forming a protective layer on the skin, fills in and smooths out the skin.
Litsea Cubeba Fruit Oil An oil which has antibacterial properties to fight off infections. It can also be used to cleanse pores and control oil production.
Lonicera Japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle) Flower Extract This has skin-soothing abilities which alleviates dry skin and can treat itching and swelling. It has the ability to block free radicals.
Lysine An amino acid which fights free radical damage and provides relief for dry and flaky skin by moisturising the skin.
Lysine HCL An amino acid which keeps the skin moisturised by transporting moisture through the layers of the skin, keeping skin hydrated.
Macadamia Integrifolia Seed Oil Rich in fatty acids and an anti-inflammatory which moisturises the skin and penetrates to the deepest layers of the skin. So it's perfect for dry, mature and sensitive skin.
Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil This oil can be used on all skin types and helps improve the function of the lipids barrier - which in truth, helps keep the skin moist and hydrated.
Macrocystis Pyrifera Extract Commonly known as Sea Kelp which is filled with minerals in order to prevent the appearance of fine lines/wrinkles. It is also an anti-septic, anti-irritant and heals damaged skin.
Madecassic Acid Found in Centella Asiatica, this ingredient has inflammation-busting properties to treat red and irritated skin. It also has moisturising and skin restorative properties.
Madecassoside Found in Centella Asiatica, this ingredient has anti-inflammatory properties and promotes collagen production. With Vitamin C it functions as an antioxidant to protect the skin from sun damage.
Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate A derivative of Vitamin C which is a potent antioxidant. It soothes and hydrates the skin, in amounts greater than 5% it also evens uneven skin tone and diminishes dark spots.
Malic Acid An AHA which encourarges exfoliation of the outer layer of the skin, It also targets hyperpigmentation by reducing the production of melanin. It also penetrates the skin to promote collagen production and to keep the skin hydrated.
Malpighia Emarginata (Acerola) Fruit Extract Protects the skin from free radical damage and reinforces the skins protective barrier, with the help of the polysaccharides it hydrates and moisturises the skin.
Maltodextrin A skin-conditioning agent, film-former, emulsion stabiliser and binding agent. When combined with various acids it reduces the irritation of the acids and increases the anti-aging effects.
Malus Domestica Fruit Extract This extract is filled with vitamins to prevent breakouts, eliminate redness in the skin and reduces fine lines/wrinkles and firms the skin.
Malva Sylvestris (Mallow) Extract This extract is a skin-conditioning agent used for its soothing properties as it produces a protective gel that moisturizes skin.
Mandarin Oil This oil treats acne and also helps with anti-aging as it is known to increase the potential to absorb vitamin C which in turn promotes collagen production and stimulate blood flow. It is advised that after the use of this oil do not go under direct sunlight.
Mannitol A sugar alcohol which functions as a humectant by binding moisture from the air to the skin to keep skin hydrated.
Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Extract Tea tree has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties to help combat acne. It also has anti-inflammatory properties to soothe skin irritations.
Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil Also known as Tea Tree oil which anti-inflammatory properties calm inflamed skin including psoriasis and acne. Please take note that this can cause skin sensitivity if not diluted and should never be ingested.
Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Water Tree tree water works to soothe skin inflammations like psoriasis and has the ability to fight against acne-producting bacteria.
Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Bark Extract An extract packed full of antioxidants and polysaccharides which helps to improve the skin's appearance and keeps the skin hydrated.
Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Flower Extract An extract packed full of antioxidants and polysaccharides which helps to improve the skin's appearance and keeps the skin hydrated.
Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Leaf Extract An extract packed full of antioxidants and polysaccharides which helps to improve the skin's appearance and keeps the skin hydrated.
Melissa Officinalis Leaf Extract This extract is rich in antioxidants and calms the skin as it has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties which works well for treating acne and soothes sunburned skin.
Mentha Viridis (Spearmint) Extract Also known as Mentha Spicata (Spearmint) Extract, it is used as a fragrance agent to give the formula a minty scent.
Mentah Viridis (Spearmint) Leaf Extract Also known as Mentha Spicata (Spearmint) Extract, it is used as a fragrance agent to give the formula a minty scent.
Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Leaf Extract A skin conditioning agent that soothes and heals skin problems. It also minimizes the size of pores, tones the skin and improves skin elasticity.
Mentha Rotundifolia Leaf Extract An extract which functions as a tonic to get rid of excess oils, minimises pores, balances pH levels and prepares the skin for the following steps.
Menthol This herb has skin-soothing and cooling properties but has also issues with skin-sensitizing when used in high concentrations.
Menthyl Lactate An ester used for its minty scent, it also gives off an instant cooling sensation when applied to the skin.
Mesembryanthemum Crystallinum (Ice Plant) Extract Ice plants contain antioxidants to fight free radical damage. To hydrate It also binds water to the deepest layers of the skin.
Methionine An amino acid which helps to fight off signs of aging by neutralising the free radicals before it can damage the skin.
Methyl Dihydrojasmonate Also known as Hedione, it is a fragrance ingredient which is used in formulas for its jasmine scent.
Methylpropanediol A solvent which allows absorption of active ingredients. It also has the ability to hydrate the skin to improve the texture and leave a dewy finish.
Microcrystalline Cellulose A texture enhancer which makes the formula more softer and silky to touch. It is also used as an exfoliator.
Milk Protein Extract It acts as a skin-conditioning agent by providing relief to dry and flaky skin. It is also a non-irritating ingredient, perfect for sensitive skin.
Mineral Oil Creates a layer on the skin to prevent the loss of moisture. It long-lasting, colourless and odorless which makes it less likely to cause skin irritations.
Moringa Oleifera Leaf Extract An amazing ingredient to help retain moisture as it reinforces the skins protective barrier. It also revitalises the skin to prevent the onset of aging skin.
Moringa Pterygosperma (Moringa Oleifera) Seed Extract A skin-conditioning agent which moisturises the skin, it also contains antioxidants to combat free radical damage and has anti-inflammatory properties to soothe skin inflammations.
Moringa Pterygosperma (Moringa Oleifera) Seed Oil This lightweight, non-greasy oil moisturises the skin and prevents moisture loss. It also combats free radical damage and calms irritated skin.
Morus Alba Fruit Extract White mulberries have anti-inflammatory properties and protects the skin from sun damage which leads to skin aging.
Morus Alba Bark Extract It has antioxidants so it improves uneven skin tone and hyperpigmetation.
Mushroom Extract Mushrooms reinforce the skin's natural barrier, improving skin elasticity and combats hyperpigmentation. It also fights free radical damage and soothes skin irritation and inflammations.
Myristic Acid Also known as Tetradecanoic Acid, creates a workable foam in cleansers and also penetrates the skin to hydrate the skin.
Myristoyl/ Palmitoyl Oxostearamide/ Arachamide MEA Also known as Multi-lamellar emulsion Technology (MLE technology), this rebuilds the skin's protective barrier by imitating the skins natural lipid structure.
Myristyl Alcohol Also known as 1-tetradecanol that is a fatty alcohol which is used as an emollient, thickener and emulsion stabilizer. It is predominantly used to combine oil and liquids.
Myrtus Communis Oil It has antimicrobial, astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties which helps to treat skin ailments. However it has been noted for its skin sensitizing properties.
Natto Gum A potent antioxidant and a fermentation product of soy protein, used in skincare products to help moisturise the skin.
Nelumbium Speciosum Flower Extract Lotus flowers fight free radical damage, preventing premature ageing. It is also moisturising and hydrating to prevent dry and flaky skin.
Nelumbo Nucifera (Sacred Lotus) Flower extract It is hydrating, improves skin elasticity and fights free radical damage. It can also help to control sebum and oil production.
Nelumbo Nucifera (Lotus) Leaf Extract A skin conditioner and moisturising agent that is rich in antioxidants. It also has anti-aging properties and helps balance out the skin and prevent acne and breakouts.
Neopentyl Glycol Diheptanoate An emollient which fills in, softens and smooths out the skin. It is lightweight and velvety so it is often used as a silicone alternative.
Nephrite Powder It is abrasive so it is used in exfoliating products and is said to have skin revitilizing benefits.
Niacinamide Also known as Vitamin B3 and Nicotinamide, it reinforces the protective barrier. Over time, it will regulate oil levels in the skin, encourage the production of collagen so dark spots, wrinkles/fine lines and hyperpigmentation can be treated.
Ocimum Basilicum (Sweet Basil) Extract This ingredient works great on acne and the antioxidants helps to fight the damage caused by external stressors which could result in acne and fine lines/ wrinkles.
Ocimum Sanctum Leaf Extract Also known as Holy Basil, it calms inflammations and keeps the skin moisturised by providing a layer of protection.
Ocimum Tenuiflorum (Holy Basil) Leaf Extract This botanical ingredient soothes inflammations and helps wounds heal faster. It also combats free radical damage, reduces pore size and gets rid of dirt and impurities.
Octyldodecanol Usually in moisturises to prevent the formula from separating. When applied it leaves a smooth, soft feeling to the skin.
Octyldodeceth-16 This is a sufactant - emulsifying agent.
Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose) Flower Extract Evening Primrose functions as an astringent to remove excess oils in the skin.
Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil An emollient and skin-conditioning agent that helps to sooth inflammations and encourages the skin to absorb other ingredients. It is best suited for dry and sensitive skin.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil An emollient that has fatty acids in order improve the skin barrier which will keep the skin hydrated. It also has antioxidant properties due to the phenolic compounds.
Oleanolic Acid Protects the skin from damaging free radicals and also has skin-soothing properties to provide relief for skin inflammations.
Oleic Acid A cleansing agent and texture enhancer which helps to moisturise the skin and is rich in antioxidants to combat signs of aging.
Opuntia Ficus-Indica Extract A humectant which maintains moisture due to its water-binding capabilities. It is rich in antioxidants which soothes sensitive skin and also protects the skin from free radicals.
Orchid Extract A flower extract which is a perfuming agent. It also protects the skin from free radical damage and promotes cell turnover to create healthy skin.
Oregano Leaf Extract Commonly found in medicated products due to its antifungal, antiseptic and antioxidant properties. It will treat acne and help with reducing oil production in oily skin.
Orientalis Extract Also known as Thuja Orientalis Extract, an emollient, humectant and skin-conditioning agent that imrpoves skin conditions like eczema, acne and psoriasis. It also has antimicrobial and astringent properties.
Origanum Vulgare Leaf Extract Commonly found in medicated products due to its antifungal, antiseptic and antioxidant properties. It will treat acne and help with reducing oil production in oily skin.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract A conditioning agent and exfoliator. It’s rich in antioxidants and fatty acids and has vitamin E known to be great at smoothing and repairing dry, chapped skin.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil A skin-conditioning agent which helps to protect and hydrate the skin. This oil is highly moisturising which helps to replenish dry skin.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Water Rich in antioxidants, vitamin E and fatty acids it hydrates the skin leaving a smooth finish to the skin.
Paeonia Albiflora Root Extract Roots of Peony's keep the skin moisturised, it is also found to play significant role in a brighter complexion and combatting hyperpigmentation.
Paeonia Lactiflora Root Extract A skin conditioning agent tones and firms the skin. It has anti-inflammatory, regenerative, powerful antioxidant properties so it is used in toners and lotions.
Paeonia Suffruticosa Root Extract A skin protecting agent which has anti-inflammatory properties to soothe irritations and reduce redness.
Palmitic Acid A saturated fatty acid which is found naturally in the skin. It softens the skin and prevents water loss, and also cleanses the skin.
Palmitoyl Oligopeptide A synthetic peptide also known as pal-KTTKS used in Matrixyl 3000. It helps to fight signs of aging by promoting the production of Collagen.
Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 A synthetic peptide which inhibits the inflammatory responders that leads to signs of aging and uneven skin tone. It is used in the production of Matrixyl 3000.
Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5 A synthetic peptide to promote collagen production and reinforces the skins natural barrier, repairing any damage to the barrier.
Panax Ginseng Root Extract A skin-conditioning agent, emollient that protects the skin. It provides hydration, fades uneven skin tone, balances the level of oils and reduces signs of aging.
Pancratium Maritimum Extract It is derived from Sea Daffodils which helps to prevent the formation of dark spots and also provides moisture to the skin.
Panthenol A humectant and an alcohol form of Pantothenic Acid. This penetrates the membrane and binds to water to keep the skin hydrated, over time it develops an anti-inflammatory property.
Panthenyl Triacetate This ingredient penetrates the deepest layers of the skin to deliver nutrients and active ingredients to the skin.
Papain Derived from Papaya this ingredient is used to exfoliate the skin to help remove dead skin cells.
Parfum (Fragrance) One of the most irritating and allergenic ingredients. It can trigger allergies, asthma, eczema, headaches, hives, irritations, nausea or psoriasis.
Pearl Extract It has skin-regenerative properties thus beneficial for acne prone skin and helps with fine lines/wrinkles. It also reduces signs of hyperpigmentation and redness due to its calming properties.
PEG-240/ HDI Copolymer Bis-Decyltetradeceth-20 Ether An ingredient which forms a clear gel like texture, which helps to control the viscosity of a formula.
PEG-6 Isostearate An emulsifying agent which helps to mix oils and dirt with water, so the dirt and oils can be rinsed off with water.
PEG-8 A polymer which forms a layer on the skin to prevent moisture loss and as a solvent it helps to dissolve other ingredients in the formula.
PEG-14M Enhances the absorption of active ingredients and slows down the loss of moisture, keeping the skin moisturised for longer. Also used as an emulsion stabiliser.
PEG-32 An emulsifier which keeps ingredients(i.e oils and water) from separating.
PEG-6 Caprylic/ Capric Glycerides It helps to solubilise oils, softens and smooths skin and helps to deliver active ingredients to the skin as it can penetrate the skin.
PEG/PPG-17/6 Copolymer PEG stands for polyethylene glycol and are usually used as emollients/emulsifiers. They have penetration enhancing effects. PPG stands for polypropylene glycol and shouldn’t be used on damaged skin.
PEG-10 Dimethicone A skin-conditioning agent which keeps the skin moisturised, it also prevents harmful bacteria from penetrating the skin and prevents water loss.
PEG-150 Distearate This ingredient reduces the surface tension, allowing the formula to break down the dirt and impurities, ready to be rinsed away.
PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate This ingredient is used as a cleanser and emulsifier. It also has moisturising properties which helps to reinforce the protective barrier keeping the moisture in.
PEG-20 Glyceryl Triisostearate An emulsifier and surfactants-cleansing agent which can gently cleanse the skin without leaving an oily residue.
PEG-40 Hydrogenated castor oil An emulsifier and surfactant which helps the skin to keep the moisture locked in by protecting the outer layer of the skin. It shouldn't be used on damaged skin.
PEG-60 Hydrogenated Castor Oil A white paste, derived from castor oil. It’s a surfactant, which helps mix water with oil so dirt can be rinsed away from skin, leaving your skin feeling nice and clean.
PEG-11 Methyl Ether Dimethicone An emulsifying agent which helps to mix water and oils together. It also keeps the skin moisturised to prevent dry and flaky skin.
PEG-8 SMDI Copolymer A copolymer which creates a layer on the skin's surface to prevent moisture loss and leaves the skin with a smooth and soft appearance.
PEG-40 Stearate Used in cleansers to combine oils and water to rid of any oil,dirt and impurities. Those with broken skin should avoid this ingredient.
PEG-100 Stearate A surfactant-cleansing agent which helps water, oil and dirt to mix together to help cleanse the skin. It is also used as an emulsifier and moisturizer.
Pelargonium Graveolens Flower Oil This helps to balance the production of sebum, calms inflammations, clear acne and relieve eczema.
Pentylene Glycol This is a synthetic humectant and solvent that can have anti-microbial properties.
Perilla Ocymoides (Beefsteak Plant) Seed Extract Functions as an antioxidant to protect the skin from free radical damage which would break down the skin and cause wrinkles and fine lines.
Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil This is packed with Vitamins A & C and has antioxidant properties to replenish the skin. It is used in cosmetics like eye makeup, cleansing creams, sunscreen and lotions.
Phellinus Linteus Extract A potent antioxidant which protects the skin from free radicals and pollutants. It also helps with acne, aging and sensitivity.
Phellodendron Amurense (Amur Cork Tree) Bark Extract It is moisturising to provide relief to dry and flaky skin. It also helps to remove excess oils, minimise pore size and clarifies the skin.
Phenethyl Alcohol This alcohol is used as a fragrance agent and is used to prevent bacteria growth.
Phenoxyethanol An antibacterial stabilizer and preservative used in cosmetics like perfumes and soaps.
Phenylalanine An essential amino acid which acts as skin conditioning agent to bind water to the skin, moisturising the skin and improving skin elasticity.
Phospholipids A Lipid which acts as an emollient to hydrate and soothe the skin to create a smooth and soft layer to the skin.
Phytic Acid An acid which fights off free radical damage and is used as an exfoliator. It gets rid of calcium, which would solidify the oils and clog pores.
Phytosphingosine This naturally occurs in the skin which can be used to treat dry skin and reinforces the skins protective barrier. Also, it has properties to treat acne.
Phytosterols Phytosterols can often by found in anti-aging formulas because it promotes collagen production to give skin a more youthful appearance.
Pikea Robusta Extract A skin-protecting agent, skin-conditioning agent and an antioxidant. It is moisturising, reinforces the skins barrier and protects the skin from free radical damage.
Pinus Densiflora Extract An antioxidant which has regenerative properties as it promotes the production of collagen and vitamin E. When fermented, the potency is said to be far greater than that of Green Tea Extract.
Pinus Palustris Leaf Extract The extract of Pine needles functions as a tonic in cosmetics to minimise pores, cleanses the skin, gets rid of excess oils and prepares the skin for other products.
Piper Methysticum (Kava Kava) Extract A skin conditioning agent that forms a protective barrier on the skin to prevent the loss of water and also give off smoother softer looking skin.
Pisum Sativum (Pea) Extract A fruit that has antioxidants, skin-conditioning, anti-inflammatory and skin protecting properties. It will repair and protect your skin to prevent signs of aging.
Plantago Asiatica Extract Also known as Plantain, this herb contains allantoin which is used as a chemical exfoliant and is a great soothing agent so it's great for treating sunburns. It also combats acne and reduces acne scarring.
Poloxamer 184 A synthetic polymer that is used as a cleansing agent, it helps to effectively get rid of the dirt and impurities when cleansing.
Polyacrylate-13 A polymer which functions as a film-forming agent to create a layer on the skin, leaving the skin with a more softer and smoother appearance.
Polybutene A synthetic polymer used as a thickener to make the formula more easy to spread.
Polyglutamic acid (PGA) This ingredient locks in more moisture than hyaluronic acid due to its ability to form a smooth and soft film on the skin to create a protective barrier.
Polyglycerin-3 A polymer which functions attracts water to the skin to keep the skin moisturised and prevents moisture loss by sealing the moisture in.
Polyglyceryl-3 Methylglucose Distearate An emulsifier which helps to combine oil and water molecules. It is also used in sunscreens as it has water resistance properties.
Polyglyceryl-3 stearate An ester which functions as an emulsifying agent to help oils and water to mix together in the formula and prevents the formula from separating.
Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate Predominantly used as an emulsifying agent where it is used to help combine oils and water in formulas to prevent separation in the formula.
Polyglyceryl-10 Caprylate/Caprate An ester that is used to stabilize products in which ingredients naturally will not emulsify together. It is also a solvent which creates a gentle cleansing agent.
Polyglyceryl-10 Decaoleate An emulsifying agent that has dispersion properties where it is used in lotions, foams and creams.
Polyglyceryl-10 Laurate A skin-conditioning and surfactant emulsifying agent that is great in moisturizers and is also used in cleansers.
Polyglyceryl-10 Myristate A skin-conditioning and surfactant emulsifying agent which provides the skin with fats that will lock in the moisture. It also is a film-forming agent which is commonly found in moisturizers.
Polyglyceryl-10 Stearate An ester which has skin-softening properties to make skin feel softer after application. It also functions as an emulsifier to combine water and oil formulas.
Polygonum Cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) Root Extract Contains Resveratrol, it helps to improve blood circulation, tones the skin, improves the skin elasticity.
Polygonum Multiflorum Root Extract A skin-conditioner which provides the skin with necessary fats in order to reduce the loss of water in the skin. It is also used to treat skin ailments like eczema and acne.
Polyisobutene A polymer which thickens the formula and creates a thin layer on the skin to leave the skin with a smooth and soft appearance.
Polyquaternium-10 (Quaternium-19) Also known as Quaternium-19 is used as a texture enhancer used to imrpove the texture of a formula.
Polyquaternium-51 A humectant, film-forming and skin-conditioning agent which is moisturising and locks moisture in, whilst giving the skin a more smooth and soft appearance.
Polysilicone-11 A silicone which attracts water from the air to the skin and can also prevent the loss of moisture by creating a layer to prevent the loss of moisture.
Polysobutylene Also known as Polyisobutene, it is used to thicken the formulas and once applied leaves a layer so that the skin with a softer, smoother appearance.
Polysorbate 20 An emulsifying agent and a surfactant which will help to combine ingredients in the product. This is widely used in shower gels, soaps, cleansers and moisturizers.
Polysorbate 60 A surfactant, emulsifier and solubilizer which can combine oils, sebum and water - making it a great cleanser.
Polysorbate 80 Also known as Tween 80, it is a surfactant and emulsifier so it is used in skin cleansing products and skin fresheners.
Polyurethane-39 A copolymer which is used in cosmetics to control the viscosity of a formula.
Poncirus Trifoliata Fruit Extract This extract comes from Japanese bitter oranges and helps to prevents moisture loss by providing fats that the skin needs to reduce evaporation of moisture.
Porphyra yezoensis Extract A coldwater seaweed which moisturises the skin and delivers nutrients to the skin. It also protect the skin from UVB damage and promotes cell turnover.
Portulaca Oleracea Extract An antioxidant with skin soothing properties. It’s a useful treatment for inflammatory skin injuries like boils and cuts and can also be used to help treat dermatitis and psoriasis.
Potassium Cetyl Phosphate A surfactant and emulsifying agent that can be used as a detergent and cleansing agent in products like facial cleansers, sunscreens and moisturizers.
Potassium Cocoate A surfactant and emulsifying agent which reduces surface tension to get rid of dirt and impurities in the skin, ready to be rinsed away.
Potassium Cocoyl Glycinate A mild cleansing agent which does the strip the skin of its natural oils. It also has the ability to create a foam.
Potassium Hydroxide A cleansing agent that requires a small amount of water to work and balances out the skin's pH, so it is used in products like cleansers, sunscreens and soaps.
Potassium Sorbate A preservative used to prevent formulas from spoiling.
PPG-1-PEG-9 Lauryl Glycol Ether A surfactant and emulsifying agent which reduces surface tension to get rid of dirt and impurities in the skin, ready to be rinsed away.
PPG-8-Ceteth 20 A surfactant-emulsifying agent which helps to get rid of dirt and impurities in the skin when cleansing.
Primula Veris Extract A cleansing agent which is packed full of beta-carotene, vitamin C, calcium, sodium, potassium and salicylates. Its antioxidants helps to diminish acne blemishes and rashes.
Proline An amino acid which has the ability to reduce the signs of aging as it improves skin elasticity, induces collagen production and promotes cell turnover.
Propanediol A skin conditioning agent and humectant that reduces the thickness of a product. It is hydrating which leaves the skin dewy and smooth which is ideal in uses of moisturisers.
Propylene Glycol A petroleum based colourless liquid used as a solvent to absorb extra water in medicines, cosmetics and even processed food products. Some people can develop sensitivity to this ingredient.
Propylene Glycol Dibenzoate A skin-conditioning agent which fills in and smooths out the skin. When applied it reflects light to give your skin a glow.
Propolis Extract Propolis has skin soothing properties and also helps to treat acne. It also reinforces the skins barrier to block external stressors which lead to acne and aging skin.
Prunella Vulgaris Extract An antioxidant which contains tannins that provides its anti-inflammatory properties which will ease swelling and inflammations such as acne. It also has astringent properties.
Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil This oil penetrates the skin to get rid of dirt and impurities, it also protects the skin from sun damage. It contains Linolenic Acid which has skin-restoring properties to improve skin concerns.
Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Fruit Extract Apricots helps to nourish the skin to keep the skin moisturised leaving a smooth and soft appearance.
Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil This oil nourishes and moisturises the skin as it penetrates the deepest layers of the skin. It also prevents sun damage and soothe skin irritations.
Prunus persica (Peach) Fruit extract Peach has anti-inflammatory properties and has the ability to promote collagen growth so it works well in treating acne and for aging skin.
Prunus Serotina (Wild Cherry) Fruit Extract Black cherry extract is packed full of antioxidants and has anti-inflammatory properties. This helps to calm the skin and prevents pre-mature aging.
Pseudoalteromonas Ferment Extract Reinforces the skins natural barrier and promotes collagen production to ensure moisture is sealed in and prevent redness.
Psidium Guajava (Guava) Fruit Extract Guava is a source of antioxidants which is great for reinforcing the skin barrier, preventing oxidation of cells which causes aging in the skin.
Psidium Guajava Leaf Extract An exfoliator which clears clogged pores and reduces the appearance of dull skin. It also contains antioxidants to fight free radical damage.
Pueraria Lobata Root Extract Kudzu roots are known for its healing agents that can solve your skin problem woes. It stimulates the skin's epidermis which will help to firm up the skin.
Pulsatilla Koreana Extract A native Korean plant used in traditional herbal medicine and has therapeutic, anti-inflammatory effects.
Punica Granatum Fruit Extract Pomegranate extract has antioxidant properties and fights free radicals. It also stimulates collagen production, great for improving skin elasticity and keeping the skin firm.
PVM/MA Copolymer A polymer which functions as an emulsion stabilizer to prevent oils and water emulsions from separating in a formula.
Pyridoxine HCI Also known as Vitamin B6, a conditioning agent used to retain moisture into the skin which is amazing for dry skin. It is also claimed to have anti-bacterial and antioxidant benefits.
Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Water Apple water is used in cosmetics to add fragrance to the formula.
Pyruvic Acid An AHA which penetrates the skin to fight off acne-causing bacteria. It also promotes the production of protein and hyaluronic acid, improving skin elasticity.
Rehmannia Chinensis Root Extract The root extract is known to help reduce inflammation and restore damaged skin.
Rheum Palmatum Root Extract Also known as Chinese Rhubarb, it fights off free radical damage, moisturises and combats hyperpigmentation. The tannins in this ingredient also helps to shrink pore size.
Ribes Nigrum (Blackcurrant) Seed Oil A skin-conditioning agent which contains gamma linolenic acid (GMA) to fight off free radical damage and prevents moisture loss by forming a layer of protection.
Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil Castor oil contains monounsaturated fatty acids which can be used as a skin-conditioning agent and emollient.
Rosa Canina (Dog Rose) Fruit Extract Also known as Rose Hip Oil,a skin-conditioning agent which is a source of Vitamin C. It is an all-rounder as it contains moisturizing properties, encourages production of collagen and has healing properties.
Rosa Canina Fruit Oil This oil is great for stimulating collagen production and improving skin elasticity. It also protects the skin against sun damage and soothes irritated skin.
Rosa Centifolia (Cabbage Rose) Flower Water A pH adjuster which has a pH close to human skin. It is also hydrating, fights free radicals and has anti-inflammatory properties.
Rosa Damascena (Rose) Flower Extract And extract which gets rid of excess oils and soothes inflammations. It also protects the skin from free radical damage and improves skin elasticity.
Rose Flower Oil This oil fights acne, fights free radicals, keeps the skin hydrated, clears hyperpigmentation and contributes to firmer, toned looking skin.
Rosa Hybrid Flower Extract A skin-conditioning agent which is used to seal in moisture by providing needed fats to the skin to reinforce the skins barrier.
Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Extract Potent with antioxidants and has antibiotic, disinfecting, anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces fine lines/wrinkles, treats acne and also soothes skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Oil A fragrant ingredient which keeps the skin moisturised and tones the skin.
Royal Jelly Extract This extract helps to moisturise the skin and slow down signs of aging. It also treats skin conditions like eczema and acne as it has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
Rubus Fruticosus (Blackberry) Fruit Extract Blackberries protect the skin from sun damage and fights off other free radical damage. It also tightens pores and gets rid of excess oils.
Rubus Idaeus (Raspberry) Fruit Extract This summer fruit is packed full of antioxidants and is a natural source of salicylic acid. So it's unclogs pores, treating acne and fights free radicals.
Saccharide Isomerate Also marketed as Pentavitin, this ingredient binds with water and creates a layer of protection against moisture loss, perfect for combatting dry skin.
Saccharomyces/ Barley Seed Ferment Filtrate This ingredient keeps the skin moisturised and hydrated by drawing moisture to the surface of the skin and promoting moisture production.
Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate A skin conditioning agent which is rich in essential amino acids and minerals to moisturise, brighten and soothe skin. It also improves the appearance of fine lines.
Saccharomyces/ Imperata Cylindrica Root Ferment Extract An emollient which provides lipids to broken skin to provide relief for dry and flaky skin, leaving a smooth and soft appearance to the skin.
Saccharum Officinarum (Sugarcane) Extract Sugarcane attracts water to the skin and absorbs it to keep the skin moisturised. It also works as a natural exfoliant.
Salicornia Herbacea Extract A Skin-Conditioning agent which has antioxidant properties and helps the skin to stay hydrated by keeping the moisture in.
Salicylic Acid Often used as a chemical exfoliant, this ingredient can penetrate the skin to tackle acne by dissolving the dirt and impurities that are clogging the pores.
Salix Alba (White Willow) Bark Extract A source of salicylic acid and can soothe acne and skin conditions like eczema, rosacea and psoriasis. It also fights free radicals, helps to tighten pores and control oils.
Salix Nigra (Black Willow) Bark Extract An extract which balances the pH of the skin and encourages cell regeneration, ideal for acne prone skin. It also soothes irritated skin.
Salmon Egg Extract This extract contains proteins, amino and fatty acids, lipids and vitamins which contributes to its anti-aging properties - tightening pores and improving the appearance of fine lines/wrinkles.
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Leaf Extract A skin-conditioning agent which fights bacteria and fungi that causes acne. It also fights free radicals and controls sebum production.
Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Extract A mild astringent which works well for clearing up blemishes and acne. It also controls sebum production which makes it great for oily, combination and blemish-prone skin.
Sargassum Fulvellum Extract A type of algae which acts as antioxidants, water-binding agents and thickening agents. It is said to slow down the process of aging but it is also a known skin sensitizer.
Sargassum Muticum Extract Brown seaweed is rich in minerals and acts as an antioxidant to protect the skin from free radical damage.
Saururus Chinensis Extract A skin-conditioning agent which moisturises the skin, it is also found to have properties which might treat hyperpigmentation as it prevents the production of melanin.
Scutellaria Baicalensis Root Extract It used to manage acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Sea Cucumber Extract This prevents spoilage of formulas and treats wounds and cuts. It also fights free radicals by creating a protective barrier against damaging UV rays - slowing down the process of aging in skin.
Sea Water Sea water has minerals which can clear pores, balances sebum production, exfoliate and soothe skin and can destroy bacteria that causes acne and rosacea.
Sea Whip Extract This marine extract calms sensitive, red and irritated skin whilst hydrating it at the same time.
Selaginella Tamariscina Extract A skin-conditioning agent which keeps the skin moisturised, preventing dry and flaky skin.
Serine An amino acid which is moisturising as it can bind with water, it also has the ability to encourage collagen production and increase skin elasticity.
Sesamum Indicum (Sesame)  Seed Extract This oil treats and prevents damage from UV rays. It also gets rid of toxins as it binds with the toxins. It keeps skin moisturised protecting the skin from rashes and helpful for dry skin.
Sesamum Indicum (Sesame) Seed Oil An oil which reinforces the skins barrier and prevents the loss of water by creating a barrier on the skin's surface.
Shea Butter An emollient that also works as a moisturiser and helps repair skin. Also works as an effective remedy for dark spots, wrinkles, stretch marks and sunburn.
Sh-Oligopeptide-1 A skin-conditioning agent which has regenerative properties helping your skin retain its elasticity and slowing down the aging process.
Silica This is a mineral used as an absorbant agent to absorb moisture and sweat. It is also used to improve spreadability of make up formulas.
Silica Dimethyl Silylate A synthetic ingredient used to increase the viscosity of the formula and used as a slip agent to help spread other ingredients across the skin.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil Jojoba oil is a moisturising agent which has a long-lasting moisturising effect on the skin. It has no scent and is perfect for those with sensitive skin as it is a gentle ingredient.
Snail Secretion filtrate Snail mucus is an amazing ingredient which needs to be in your regime! It smoothes and soothes irritated skin whilst also keeping your skin hydrated as it is a humectant.
Sodium Acrylate/ Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer This ingredient is an emulsifier and texture enhancer which helps to give the formula a non sticky gel like texture.
Sodium Acetylated Hyaluronate An acetyl ester which provides long lasting moisture to the skin, compared to hyaluronic acid it has better moisture retention.
Sodium Anisate This is a natural preservative which keeps the formulas for spoiling and has antimicrobial properties to kill bacteria and fungi on skin and in the product.
Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate This is a stable derivative of Vitamin C which works as an antioxidant and has brightening properties. It has also been found to help with treating acne.
Sodium Benzoate This ingredient is used as a preservative to prevent the formula from spoiling and to extend its shelf life.
Sodium Chloride Salt is used as an abrasive in scrubs to aid exfoliation, it also helps to thicken the formula in products which may be watery.
Sodium Citrate A buffering agent which can be used to control the formulas pH level. It also acts as a preservative to keep the formula intact and free from contamination.
Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate Derived from Coconut oil, it is a gentle cleanser which lathers up to create a foam when cleansing.
Sodium Gluconate It has skin-softening properties and also regulates the pH in the skin and helps to keep the skin moisturised by binding with water.
Sodium Hyaluronate A sodium salt of hyaluronic acid that has the ability to penetrate skin and hold on to water making it a popular ingredient for anti-aging products.
Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer A modified version of hyaluronic acid with upgraded moisturising properties. It absorbs moisture, penetrates the skin and stores it in the skin.
Sodium Hydroxide A buffering agent which is used to balance the pH of the formula to match the pH of the skin.
Sodium Lactate It is hydrating and also controls the pH of the formula to ensure it's not too acidic/ alkaline which would be detrimental to the skin's natural barrier.
Sodium Lauroyl Glutamate A surfactant which reduces surface tension in order to wash away dirt and impurities when used in cleansers.
Sodium Lauryl Glucose Carboxylate A mild surfactant which reduces surface tension in order to wash away dirt and impurities when used in cleansers.
Sodium Levulinate This is a preservative and skin-conditioning agent. It should be noted that it is a derivative of levulinic acid which has been found to be an irritant.
Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate Derived from coconuts, this ingredient creates a creamy foam which can be used to get rid of dirt and impurities when cleansing.
Sodium PCA Absorbs water to reduce the loss of moisture to the skin. It also has anti-inflammatory properties to soothe irritations to the skin.
Sodium Phytate A natural chelating agent which works with preservatives to prevent formulas from becoming rancid and to prevent contamination.
Sodium Polyacrylate A synthetic polymer, that is used as a thickening agent in skincare products. It can be found in products like cleansers and detergents.
Sodium Starch Octenylsuccinate An emulsifier and absorbent that controls the viscosity of the formula to ensure the formula is well binded whilst also allowing the absorption of other products onto the skin.
Sodium Trideceth-4 Carboxylate A surfactant-cleansing agent which is commonly found in cleansers to get rid of any dirt, impurities and sweat.
Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Fruit Extract Tomato fruit extract can narrow the pores leaving your skin looking youthful and stimulate the process of renewal and production of new cells which help clean the skin.
Solanum Melongena (Eggplant) Fruit Extract Also known as Aubergines, a skin-conditioning agent which hydrates the skin. It also contains Anthocyanins and antioxidants to keep wrinkles at bay.
Sophora Flavescens Root Extract An antioxidant and skin-conditioning agent mainly used to treat skin conditions like psoriasis.
Sorbeth-30 Tetraoleate Also known as Polyoxyethylene Sorbitol Tetraoleate, it reduces surface tensions to help other ingredients break down and dissolve. It is also used as an emulsifier.
Sorbitol A hydrating ingredient which thickens a formula and functions as a humectant to attract water from the air to the skin, preventing moisture loss.
Sorbitan Isostearate A surfactant and emulsifying agent which is used to combine dirt, oil and water so it can be washed away during cleansing.
Sorbitan Laurate A monoester which combines oil with water so when used in cleansers, it is easier to get rid of dirt and impurities.
Sorbitan Oleate A Surfactant-Emulsifying agent used to combine ingredients together, it is usually used in moisturizers and skin cleansing products.
Sorbitan Olivate A surfactant and cleansing agent used in cleansers to get rid of dirt and impurities in the skin. Preparing for a clean canvas.
Sorbitan Sesquiisostearate An emulsifying agent which helps to mix water and oil together.
Sorbitan Sesquioleate An emollient which is a combination of sobitol and fatty acids.
Sparassis Crispa Extract This mushroom promotes cell production, repairs the skin and reinforces the skins barrier to prevent water loss. It also treats hyperpigmentation and reduces inflammations.
Spinacia Oleracea (Spinach) Leaf Extract Spinach helps to fight off free radical damage which causes premature ageing. It also contains Vitamin A to keep the skin smooth and toned.
Spirulina Platensis Extract It has skin regeneration, anti-inflammatory properties and it is packed full of antioxidants it fights free radicals. It is also an antimicrobial which kills of the yeast which causes breakouts.
Squalane This oil undergoes a hydrogenation process, which turns it from unsaturated oil to saturated oil. The good new oil leaves your skin hydrated, so is great as a moisturiser.
Stearic Acid Also known as Octadecanoic Acid, it provides a layer of protection against moisture loss. As an emulsifier it prevents oil and water from separating in the formula.
Stearyl Alcohol An emulsion stabilizer and conditioning agent which is used to create smooth, soft supple skin.
Styrax Japonicus Branch/Fruit/Leaf Extract A skin-conditioning agent which makes the skin appear smooth and soft. Also removes impurities without stripping the skin of its natural oils.
Sucrose Distearate A skin-conditioning agent and emulsifier which is used to combine oil and water. It also helps to make the skin feel smooth and soft.
Sucrose Stearate A sweet little mixture of sugar sucrose (like sugar cane) and stearic acid (like from cocoa butter). It helps soften the skin texture and prevents the development of bacteria.
Symphytum Officinale (Comfrey) Leaf Extract An extract which contains allantoin to tighten, firm and soothes skin. It is also gets rid of dirt and impurities without irritating the skin.
Syringa Vulgaris (Lilac) Extract Lilac's are moisturising as they attract moisture to the skin, fights free radical damage and regulates sebum production to control oil levels.
Tangerine Blossom Extract Tangerines have anti-inflammatory properties and delays the onset of fine lines. It also brightens the skin and encourages skin cell turnover.
Tartaric Acid Derived from fermented grapes, this AHA works as a chemical exfoliator. It also stabilises pH of the formula to ensure that it doesn't cause irritation.
Theobroma Cacao (Cacao) Seed Powder Cacao is great for anti-aging as it helps to firm up the skin, repairs and protects the skin from free radical damage - which would lead to fine lines/wrinkles.
Threonine An amino acid which is naturally found in the skin to produce collagen and elastin. It also binds moisture to the skin to keep it hydrated.
Thuja Orientalis Extract An emollient, humectant and skin-conditioning agent that imrpoves skin conditions like eczema, acne and psoriasis. It also has antimicrobial and astringent properties.
Thymus Vulgaris (Thyme) Flower/Leaf Extract Thyme extract protects the skin from sun damage and also functions as a tonic to balance pH levels, minimise the pores and revitalise the skin.
Tocopherol Also known as Vitamin E, it protects the skin from damage caused by free radicals. It soothes irritated skin and has the ability to reinforce the skins protective barrier.
Tocopheryl Acetate A specific form of vitamin E and antioxidant that is great for protecting your skin from those pesky damaging compounds (free radicals derived from UV exposure).
Trehalose A humectant and moisturising agent that has been found to be even more hydrating than Hyaluronic acid as it draws water from the environment preventing cell damage.
Tremella Fuciformis (Mushroom) Extract Snow mushrooms are rich in polysaccharides which binds water to the skin, penetrates in the skin and absorbed to hydrate the skin.
Triceteareth-4 Phosphate An emulsifying surfactant that is not safe for use on damaged skin. It is commonly used in men’s after shave post balm.
Tridecane A perfuming agent.
Triethanolamine A buffering agent, pH adjuster, emollient and masking agent.
Triethylhexanoin This is a skin conditioning agent which is a pure fat used in cosmetics.
Trifolium Pratense (Clover) Flower Extract This extract has moisturising and soothing properties, it also gets rid of excess oils in the skin and masks scents in the formula.
Tripeptide-1 Also known as GHK, it contains Glycine, Histidine and Lysine. It also stimulates collagen production to reinforce the skins natural barrier.
Tripeptide-10 Citrulline A tripeptide which stimulates cell turnover and creates a layer of protection against moisture loss, it is used to replace Decorin, which is naturally found in the skin.
Trisodium EDTA It is used to neutralise metal ions to prevent hard water from drying on the skin. It also prevents the formula from turning rancid.
Tromethamine Tromethamine is a common additive in cosmetics, it helps adjust the pH of the skin, it has also been listed as a fragrance.
Tropaeolum Majus Leaf Extract Moisturises the skin, gets rid of excess oils and refreshes the skin. It also protects the skin from free radicals and promotes collagen production.
Tropolone An ingredient which keeps the skin moisturised and as a preservative it prevents the formula from getting rancid too quickly.
Tuber Magnatum Extract White truffles replenishes and hydrates the skin. It also works wonders on hyperpigmentation and protects the skin from free radical damage.
Tween-60 Also known as Polysorbate-60 which is an emulsifier, thickening agent and surfactant to create oil-in-water emulsifiers.
Tyrosine Also known as 4-Hydroxyphenylalanine which creates a layer to protect the skin from moisture loss. When combined with Ascorbic Acid it stimulates collagen production.
Ubiquinone Also known as Coenzyme Q10, it prevents free radical damage which would create fine lines and wrinkles. It also reverses the damage by promoting the production of collagen and elastin.
Ulmus Campestris (Elm) Extract A skin conditioning agent which helps the skin to retain its moisture and also helps to heal skin conditions like eczema.
Ulmus Davidiana Root Extract It contains polysaccharides to bind with water, moisturising the skin. It also has anti-inflammatory to calm skin irritations and protects the skin from sun damage.
Ulva Lactuca Extract A sea marine extract which is soothing and plumps up the skin, improving skin elasticity.
Undaria Pinnatifida Extract Also known as Phytessence Wakame, it protects the skin from free radical damage and is hydrating and soothing. It also prevents the destruction of hyaluronic acid in the skin.
Undecane An emollient which creates a layer on the skin to prevent moisture loss. The layer creates a soft, smooth appearance to the skin.
Urea Also known as Allantoin which has the ability to hydrate and soothe the skin. It is effective at treating wounds, burns, skin ulcers and eczema.
Usnea Barbata (Lichen) Extract An antibacterial agent with a documented history of therapeutic use dating back 3,000 years in Chinese medicine. It’s used in deodorants and other products to help prevent odours.
Vaccinium Angustifolium (Blueberry) Fruit Extract A skin-protecting and soothing agent which is rich in antioxidants. It helps to treat acne, regenerates skin to provide a radiant glow.
Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Fruit Extract An astringent that is a potent antioxidant which hydrates skin and improves the protective barrier. It also has anti-inflammatory properties which will heal eczema and calm sensitive skin.
Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Seed Oil This oil is moisturising and nourishing, it also contains carotenoids to protect the skin from free radical damage.
Vaccinium Myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruit Extract Bilberry's are rich in antioxidants which protect the skin from free radical damage. It also reduces the appearance of redness in the skin.
Valine Reinforces the skin's natural barrier to protect the skin from free radical damage. It also moisturises the skin by sealing in the moisture.
Vanilla Planifolia (Vanilla) Fruit Extract It is normally used for its fragrance but it also has antioxidants and soothing agents to calm sensitive skin.
Verbena Officinalis (Vervain) Extract An extract which soothes irritated skin and also alleviates symptoms from skin infections. It also removes excess oil by acting as an astringent.
Veronica Officinalis (Speedwell) Extract A skin-conditioning agent which has anti-inflammatory and skin lightening properties. It is also an astringent and soothes sensitive skin.
Vesiculosus Extract Bladderwrack is rich in antioxidants and fights free radicals. It has water-binding properties which keeps the skin hydrated thus improving skin elasticity.
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil The high level antioxidants found in grape seed oil helps firm and nourish the skin and aid skin repair, cellular turnover and even skin tones.
Water Water helps improve product consistency and spreadability, helps improve ingredient penetration and absorption.
White Mulberry Extract It has antioxidants so it improves uneven skin tone and hyperpigmetation.
Wine Extract Wine contains Resveratrol, protecting the skin from free radical damage which would damage the skins barrier and create wrinkles and fine lines.
Xanthan Gum A moisturising gel produced by fermented corn sugar, that helps thicken products and aids consistency for easy dispensing of products.
Xylitol A thickener, humectant and texture enhancer which reinforces the skin barrier keeping the skin hydrated.
Xylitylglucoside A humectant and skin-conditioner that stimulates the body to create hyaluronic acid which is known for its hydration properties.
Zanthoxylum Piperitum Peel Extract Also known as the Japanese Pepper, the peels of the fruit has been found to have long lasting lifting effects, great for anti-aging.
Zanthoxylum Piperitum Fruit Extract Known as the Japanese pepper, it offers plenty of antioxidants that are good at combating free radicals and slow down the effects of aging.


Close (esc)

10% off when you join our BEAUTY BOOK CLUB!

 Be updated with exclusive access to events, tips and new products. Most importantly next time you shop with us, log in for faster checkout. Enjoy 10% off

Age verification

By clicking enter you are verifying that you are old enough to consume alcohol.

Search

Shopping Basket

Your Basket is currently empty.
Shop now