Ingredients Dictionary | Skin Library UK

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Ingredients Dictionary

Ingredients Dictionary

1,2-Hexanediol A solvent that helps dissolve other substances. It is a mild coupling agent and humectant and it is usually used in cleansing skincare products.
Abalone Extract Abalone is rich in Omega 3, Phosphorus and Iodine. So it is great for keeping skin hydrated and helps the skin to heal quicker.
Acetophenone This ingredient is a aromatic which adds an orange scent to your products.
Achillea Millefolium Extract The bitter astringent with anti-inflammatory and anti bacterial benefits is usually added to cosmetic products to improve the appearance of dry, damaged skin.
Acrylates A film forming agent that helps thicken and stabilise cosmetic products. Commonly found in moisturizers, sunscreens, cleansers and as well as most anti-aging skincare.
Adenosine A good soothing skin-restoring agent with anti-wrinkle benefits. It works by energizing the skin's surface helping making skin look smoother and younger, it’s great for all skin types.
Alcohol-Denat Anti-foaming agent which helps deliver active ingredient of a product. It's a great contender to battle against acne.
Algae Extract An antioxidant with nutrients and minerals that can help draw toxins from the skin. It can also hydrate, soften an detoxify the skin and replenish essential vitamins.
Allantoin A chemical compound which has the ability to hydrate and sooth the skin, heal and remove excess skin cells. Is effective at treating wounds, burns, skin ulcers and eczema.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract The juice is extracted from the leaves of the Aloe plant which has anti-inflammatory benefits. It can be applied topically to reduce appearance of scars and heal burns.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Aloe vera is a super plant that contains a variety of vitamins. The leaf sap can be used to treat burns, rashes, wounds.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Water The juice is extracted from the leaves of the Aloe plant which has anti-inflammatory benefits. It can be applied topically to reduce appearance of scars and heal burns.
Althaea Rosea Flower Extract A skin conditioning agent that removes excess oil in the skin and also calms skin inflammations.
Amethyst Extract This quartz stone is said to absorb and reflect far-infrared radiation which can help with blood circulation and also encourages cell regeneration, leaving radiant looking skin.
Anemarrhena Asphodeloides Root Extract An asian botanical member of the aspargus family, can be used for medicinal purposes, but also helps reduce skin inflammation.
Angelica Gigas Root Extract The root extract has a long history in traditional Korean medicine. It contains vitamins, antioxidants and valeric acid, which provide a natural treatment of various skin conditions like eczema.
Anhydroxylitol A natural humenctant, which derives from a plant, helps skin absorb and retain moisture and is a great anti-aging product.
Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Oil A perennial herb that has calming antibacterial properties and helps fight against inflammation of the skin.
Apium Graveolens (Celery) Extract An active substance that helps stimulate the production of collagens. Which in turn, will also be beneficial for the regeneration of skin tissue.
Arbutin Rich in antioxidants this skin-conditioning agent is naturally derived from fruits like blueberries and has been found to lighten age spots and help to improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil Argan oil is commonly used a moisturizer and emolient. It is rich in fatty acids and is a powerful antioxidant that can nourish, protect elasticity - great for anti-aging!
Arginine A powerful amino acid that has a human growth hormone (HGH) that works on making the skin look younger and improves hydration and builds up collagen.
Artemisia Absinthium (Mugwort) Extract A mugwort extract that has the ability to cleanse impurities from your blood thus preventing acne and pimples brought about from hormonal acne.
Artemisia Vulgaris (Mugwort) Extract An extract from the Mugwort plant and is anti- irritant and anti-inflammatory. It also contains amino acids, proteins to help reduce redness and irritation.
Aspalathus Linearis (Rooibos) Extract A tea extract with anitoxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits, it also has the ability to protect the skin and maintain a youtful look against environmental stressors.
Asparagus Cochinchinensis Root Extract As a ground powder, it works well as an effective facial.
Aspergillus Ferment This fermented ingredient is used to fade dark spots and to also help to moisturise the skin so it is used to target hyper-pigmentation and dark spots.
Astragalus Membranaceus Root Extract 1 of 50 fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Includes antioxidants that fight free radicals and slow down premature aging.
Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Flour The powder of Avena Sativa oats is perfect for soothing minor irritations and helps with cell regeneration leading to more youthful looking skin.
Azelaic Acid Derived from grains, this acid has anti-inflammatory properties to work wonder on inflammed skin, especially those suffering from rosacea. It also improves skin tone and the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Bacillus Ferment A probiotic which removes dead skin cells leaving smooth supple skin.
Baicalensis Root Extract Also known as Scutellaria Baicalensis (Baikal Skullcap) Root Extract, it is used to manage acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Bambusa Vulgaris Extract Also known as Bamboo extract which is packed full of antioxidants and is rich in silica which stimulates the production of collagen thus improving skin elasticity and reduce sagging.
Beeswax A humectant that helps to reinforce the skins natural protective barrier and lock in the moisture, not only that it is great for acne-prone skin.
Bee Venom Bees venom is a natural botox which firms and smooths out the skin as it stimulates blood circulation, encouraging the production of collagen and elastin.
Beta-Glucan A soluable fibre that helps provide temporary relief from minor skin irritations and helps improve the appearance of smooth skin. It is also a great anti-aging ingredient.
Betaine A humectant and anti-irritant that works well at hydrating the skin as well as being able to decrease the depth of wrinkles and smooth out the skin.
Betaine Salicylate A gentle exfoliant which is used to improve the skin tone, texture and also reduce excess sebum so it is recommened for acne-prone skin.
Biosaccharide Gum-1 A polysaccharide made by fermenting plants that moisturises and soothes the skin.
Bis-PEG-18 Methyl Ether Dimethyl Silane A silicone that works as an emollient to help make skin soft and smooth.
Borago Officinalis Extract An extract packed full of fatty acids which works great for any skin inflammatories such as dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema.
Boswellia Serrata Resin Extract Boswellia Serrata is the plant that produces frankincense. It’s a great anti-inflammatory and anti-aging ingredient that improves skin elasticity, reduces wrinkles and firms the skin.
Brassica Oleracea Capitata (Cabbage) Leaf Extract Cabbage improves the skin tone and texture because it contains potassium. It also includes vitamin A and E and can protect your skin from signs of premature aging.
Brassica Oleracea Italica (Broccoli) Extract The seed oil is extracted from the vegetable and is best used on mature skin because it protects it from damage and helps regenerate and activate the cells.
Brassica Rapa (Turnip) Leaf Extract Turnips are high in antioxidants vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E plus manganese and beta-carotene, they have the ability to combat free radicals and prevent DNA damage to cells.
Butylene Glycol A chemical compound and solvent that helps other products dissolve in water. Also, as a viscosity-decreasing agent, it make applying creams much easier and contains petroleum that dries skin.
Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) Also known as Shea butter it is an emollient that also works as a moisturiser and helps repair skin. Also works as an effective remedy for dark spots, wrinkles, stretch marks and sunburn.
Caffeine An anti-aging ingredient with antioxidants that fight free radicals. It also has natural anti-inflammatory properties that help calm swelling and redness. It is known to reverse UV damage.
Calamine A mixture of Zinc Oxide and Ferric Oxide which works great for soothing irritations, prevent infections and improve skin tone.
Calcium Pantothenate A salt of Pantothentic Acid (Vitamin B5) that can help reduce redness and irritation from blemishes.
Calendula Officinalis (Pot Marigold) Flower Oil An oil that has antiseptic and antimicrobial benefits to heal eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis.
Camellia Flower Extract This flower is perfect for hydration and calms inflammations. It also reinforces the skin barrier to protect against those harmful UV rays!
Camellia Japonica Seed Oil An emollient that helps keep skin hydrated, it's also packed with skin boosting fatty acids and works by permeating deep into the skin and promoting cell growth.
Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract Works as an anti-inflammatory agent. Also rich in antioxidants and has the ability to decrease wrinkles. The methylxanthines help stimulate microcirculation that tone the skin.
Camellia Sinensis Leaf Water Works as an anti-inflammatory agent. Also rich in antioxidants and has the ability to decrease wrinkles. The methylxanthines help stimulate microcirculation that tone the skin.
Camomile Oil A calming oil used to soothe irritation and redness in seconds, the anti-inflammatory properties make it ideal for rosacea patients.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride A gentle texture enhancer which helps to give off a silky smooth finish - even for those with sensitive skin. It also reinforces the protective barrier to keep moisture locked in.
Caprylic Hydroxamic Acid This ingredient derives from coconuts which acts a preservative to keep the formula from decaying.
Caprylyl Glycol Works as a humectant and skin conditioning agent in moisturising and emollience products. It also has anti-microbial properties which makes it great for moisturisers, sunscreens, anti-aging treatments and cleansers.
Caprylyl Methicone Caprylyl contains silicone and has the ability to temporarily enhance the skin’s appearance by filling fine lines and wrinkles and helping make the skin look plump.
Carbopol 941 This is a brand of Carbomer which used to stabilise and impove the appearance of low viscosity products so it is used in clear gels and lotions.
Carbomer A thickening agent made from acrylic acid that helps control the viscosity and flow of cosmetic products.
Carica (Fig) Fruit Extract The fruit is great at refreshing your skin, it also contains a high amount of Vitamin C. It works as a powerful antioxidant that helps brighten and even out the skin tone.
Cedrus Atlantica Bark Oil A natural antiseptic that can prevent the development and growth of harmful microorganisms that have negative effect on skin. It can also help treat acne and eczema.
Centaurea Cyanus (Cornflower) Flower Extract An anti-inflammatory which helps to soothe irritated skin and is gentle enough to be used under the eyes to treat wrinkles/fine lines.
Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) Extract It has acne fighting and anti-aging benefits as it is packed with amino acids, beta carotene and fatty acids. So it decreases the appearance of wrinkles, fines line and improves skin elesticity.
Ceramide 2 A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Ceramide 3 A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Ceramide NP A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Ceramide NS A hydrating agent that help replenish the natural lipids that are lost through harsh environmental factors, drying products or natural process of aging.
Cetyl Ethylhexanoate A thickening agent, emollient and skin conditioner used to increase the spreadability of a product. It also lubricates the skin to alleviate the appearance of dry patches.
Cetyl Alcohol Cetyl alcohol is well known to effectively condition and soften the skin. But regular use of alcohol-based products can seriously damage the skin by weakening the skin’s barrier.
Chamaecyparis Obtusa Leaf Extract A skin conditioning agent providing essential fats in order to reinforce the skin's protective barrier and to keep the skin moisturised.
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Extract The flower extract is commonly used to relieve inflammed skin and also works as an antioxidant to soothe and moisturise the skin.
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Water The flower extract is commonly used to relieve inflammed skin and also works as an antioxidant to soothe and moisturise the skin.
Chlorella Vulgaris Extract This is a skin-conditioning agent potent in antioxidants and has cell regenerative properties. It also stimulates the production of collagen in order to improve skin elasticity and to firm the skin.
Chlorphenesin A preservative with antibacterial and antifungal traits as it keeps products from changing colour or pH and pevents emulsion breakdown.
Cholesterol A skin conditioner, thickening agent, stabilizer and water binding agent. It also protects the skin from environmental stressors and regulates moisture levels.
Cimicifuga Racemosa (Black Cohosh) Root Extract A herb that contains isoferulic acids - known to fight inflammation. It also works to boost the estrogen levels thus improving the skin texture and preventing wrinkles, dry skin, acne.
Cinnamomum Cassia (Cinammon) Bark Extract A spice rich in antioxidants, minerals and essential oils. It has anti-inflammatory and antifungal benefits and plumps the skin, treats eczema and acne and improved the skin complexion.
Cinnamon Extract A spice rich in antioxidants, minerals and essential oils. It has anti-inflammatory and antifungal benefits and plumps the skin, treats eczema and acne and improved the skin complexion.
Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil Also known as Lime Oil, it has astringent, antibacterial and antiseptic properties which helps to treat acne and fight free radicals thus preventing signs of aging.
Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil A cold pressed oil, commonly used as a gentle antiseptic and for toning and clensing the skin. It can also help with skin irritation.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Flower Oil The flowers of the orange protects and prevents sun damage whilst also encouraging collagen production to maintain healthy skin. It also fights bacteria and reduces the oil on the skin.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Water It is used in anti-aging products to help stimulate collagen, reduce wrinkles and fine lines and also works to calm inflammation.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil This oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial benefits. It also stimulates the regeneration of tissues and improves the skin complexion, improving skin elasticity. It's great for dry, aging and tired skin.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil This oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial benefits. It also stimulates the regeneration of tissues and improves the skin complexion, improving skin elasticity. It's great for dry, aging and tired skin.
Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Peel Oil The oil cleanses the skin and fights acne. It also fights free radicals, stimulates collagen production which improves skin elasticity and diminishes hyper-pigmentation.
Citrus medica limonum (lemon) peel oil This oil has anti-inflammatory and antioxidants which can fight acne. It also stimulates production of collagen to improve skin elasticity and reduce hyper-pigmentation.
Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Oil This oil treats acne and also helps with anti-aging as it is known to increase the potential to absorb vitamin C which in turn promotes collagen production and stimulate blood flow. It is advised that after the use of this oil do not go under direct sunlight.
Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit) Seed Extract This citrus oil it has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties to fight blemishes and reduce oily skin. It also has anti-aging properties to promote production of Collagen.
Citrus Unshiu (Satsuma Mandarin) Peel Extract Potent in antioxidants and contains phenolic acids and flavonoids. So this extract is great for relieving irritations caused by skin disorders.
Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil Packed with fatty acids and antioxidants, this oil works to rehydrate the skin. It reinforces the barrier to keep external stressors out, slowing down the aging process.
Copaifera Officinalis (Balsam Copaiba) Resin This ingredient has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal properties which is used to treat skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
Copolymer A stabilizer, film forming agent and texture enhancer which its film has water-binding properties leaving the skin with a smooth finish.
Copper Tripeptide-1 A key ingredient in anti-aging products, it has anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants which encourage the production of collagen to aid with skin firmness and elasticity.
Cornus Officinalis Fruit Extract A Skin conditioning agent which has anti-inflammatory properties
Cyclohexasiloxane A skin conditioning agent and emollient which smooths the texture of the skin and can provide a temporary "plump" look due to the ability to fill in fine lines.
Cyclopentasiloxane A skin conditioning agent leaving the skin with a smooth finish. This ingredient is believed to have skin healing properties in order to remove wrinkles, blemishes or effects of rosacea.
Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass) Extract Derived from lemongrass which is mainly used a fragrance additive due to its lemon scent. It has antibacterial and antifungal properties which helps to fight acne and reduce oils.
D-Panthenol This is derived from Vitamin B5 which has regenerative properties to combat wrinkles and redness. So it helps improve skin elasticity and tone the overall complexion.
Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Root Extract A powerful anti-aging ingredient and antioxidant superstar with the ability to stimulate new cellular growth. Also proven to be a vital vegetable in fighting free radical damage naturally & safely.
Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Seed Oil An emollient high in vitamins and a potent antioxidant which will help the skin to recover from sun-damage. It will also help with mature skin as it contributes to improving skin elasticity.
Dehydroacetic Acid A preservative which kills and prevents growth of microorganisms, preventing a product from spoiling.
DI Water - 1/2/3 DI, also known as distilled water, is used as a solvent and washing your face with the water will improve the penetration of used after your cleanse.
Diglycerin A humectant and skin conditioning agent which absorbs water a slow rate leaving skin nourished for longer.
Dimethicone A silicone oil that fills in uneven texture and fine lines. It also provides a protective cover on skin, which keeps moisture in and leaves skin hydrated for longer.
Dioscorea Japonica Root Extract A skin conditioning agent which has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. It diminishes the appearance of dark spots, prevents the appearance of hyper-pigmentation and has anti-aging benefits.
Diospyros Kaki Leaf Extract Persimmons are potent in Vitamin C which protects the skin from free radicals such as UV rays which is one of the factors that cause skin aging.
Diphenylsiloxy Phenyl Trimethicone A foaming agent, derived from silicone that helps slow down the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin’s surface.
Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate A conditioning agent used to help dry, damaged skin by reducing flakiness and restoring suppleness in the skin.
Dipropylene Glycol A texture enhancer and masking agents used in sunscreens, anti-aging products and antiperspirant. It should be noted that it is a known irritant, especially around the eyes and skin.
Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate A surfactant which can be used to create the foam in products, it has the ability to cleanse without stripping the skin of its natural oils.
Disodium EDTA A preservative, chelator and stabilizer that is useful in rise-off products. It helps enhance the penetration of other ingredients contained in the product.
Eclipta Prostrata Leaf Extract A skin conditioning agent which is a powerful antioxidant and helps to soothe skin. So it is used in products which helps with skin irritations like insect bites and swelling.
EDTA-2NA Also known as Disodium EDTA, a preservative, chelator and stabilizer that is useful in rinse-off products. It helps enhance the penetration of other ingredients contained in the product.
Elaeis Guineensis (Palm) Oil An emollient which is full of antioxidants which helps to repair and protect the skin from free radical damage, preventing premature skin aging.
Enteromorpha Compressa Extract This extract is from green Algae which has anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties. It is an emulsifier which is packed with antioxidants and is an anti-wrinkle agent.
Ethyl Ascorbyl Ether This is derived from Vitamin C which is used for its antioxidant and skin lightening properties. It is used instead of Vitamin C as it is more stable against oxidation.
Ethyl Hexanediol A solvent which is safe to use in concentrations of up to 5%.
Ethylhexylglycerin A preservative used as an alternative to harmful parabens, as it is safer and more effective. Also increases the shelf-life of beauty products and helps treat eczema.
Eucalyptus Oil This oil is great for acne as it has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiseptic and antifungal properties. It is also good for soothing irritations like insect bites as it is an anti-inflammatory.
Ferula Galbaniflua (Ferula Gummosa) Resin Oil This oil has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties so it works well on acne. It also stimulates blood circulation which will then lead to skin-regenerative properties.
Ficus Carica (Fig) Fruit Extract The fruit is great at refreshing your skin, it also contains a high amount of Vitamin C. It works as a powerful antioxidant that helps brighten and even out the skin tone.
Forsythia Suspensa Fruit Extract This extract is used for its antioxidant and antibacterial properties.
Fructan A skin-conditioning agent and humectant which has anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties.
Fructooligosaccharides A prebiotic sugar which is used alongside probiotics in order to prevents effects of the external environment which leads to redness, dryness and signs of aging.
Ginkgo Biloba Nut Extract A cleansing agent potent in antioxidants which will reduce the signs of aging. It also soothes sensitive skin and clears clogged pores for those with oily skin.
Ginseng Gum Extracted from Ginseng, this ingredient has anti-inflammatory properties which helps to soothe inflammations such as eczema.
Glacier Water Glacier water is essential to helping keep our skin health in the best condition as well as helping balance the pH levels in the skin.
Glycereth-26 A Skin-conditioning agent, humectant, emollient and thickening agent.
Glycerin Glycerin moisturises the skin by drawing water from the air into the skin’s outer layer. It forms a protective layer on the skin that helps prevent loss of moisture.
Glyceryl Caprylate A stabilizer for emulsions where it replenishes the oils in the skin and adjusts the moisture levels in the skin. It is also a preservative to prevent products from spoiling.
Glyceryl Stearate Acts as a lubricant to give a smooth, soft appearance to the skin whilst creating a protective barrier to reduce the loss of water.
Glycine Max (Soybean) Seed Extract Soybeans are great for moisturising and is packed with Vitamin E which encourages skin cell regeneration, improving the appearance of fine lines.
Glycolic Acid Fabulous for anti-aging which can improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It also helps to improve the appearance of acne whe used as a chemical peel.
Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract An extract with skin-soothing, anti-inflamatory and antioxidant properties which calms redness in sensitive skin, acne prone skin and reduces uneven skin-tone.
Gold Extract This extract fights signs of aging by slowing down the depletion of collagen. This extract also improves blood circulation in order to achieve a bright and radiant complexion.
Green Tea Extract Helps treat dark circles and puffy eyes, has antioxidants that can delay aging, and also help with acne.
Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract A skin-conditioning agent which has tannins which provides its astringent properties. It also has anti-inflammatory properties which will help to soothe irritations.
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil A skin-conditioning and emollient agent that is high in antioxidants. The linoleic acid in this oil helps the skin to retain its moistures by strengthening the protective barrier.
Hexylene Glycol A solvent and thickening agent used to increase the spreadability of a formula.
Hippophae Rhamnoides Oil This oil prevents signs of aging by protecting the skin from free radicals like UV rays and promotes cell regeneration - reducing wrinkles and hyperpigmentation.
Honey Extract A skin-conditioning agent and humectant packed with antioxidants which helps to soothe skin and any irritations by producting a protective barrier.
Horse Fat This fat is used to cure skin ailments like eczema. It contains linolenic acid which has anti-inflammatory products in order to soothe the skin but also rejunenates the skin barrier.
Houttuynia Cordeta Extract It is used to soothe inflammations and exfoliate the skin.
Hyacinthus Orientalis (Hyacinth) Extract A skin-conditioning agent which has antimicrobial, antifungal, and antibacteria properties which will help to treat skin disorders like acne and eczema.
Hyaluronic Acid This acid had the ability to replenish the moisture in the skin as well as helping revitalise the skin’s outer layer, making it look soft and smooth.
Hydrogenated Castor Oil This is used as an emollient, thickener and stabilizer.
Hydrogenated Lecithin A more stable version of Lecithin that works as a better emulsifying agent and its skin cell penetrative properties are optimised.
Hydrolyzed Collagen It slows down the process of photo-aging caused by UV radiation and reinforces the protective barrier to maintain moisture and to leave toned and firm skin.
Hydrolyzed Eggshell Membrane It dimishes the appearance of wrinkles due to the collagen in the eggshell membrane. Collagen helps to regenerate the skin thus filling in the fine lines and wrinkles.
Hydrolyzed Jojoba Esters This is a great emollient and occulent which means that moisture stays locked into the skin.
Hydrolyzed Sodium Hyaluronate A moisturising and repairing agent produced from the process of hydrolysis of Sodium Hyaluronate which is known for its ability to aborb water - keeping the skin hydrated.
Hydroxyacetophenone A preservative booster which has anti-irritant and antioxidant benefits, it is a stable ingredient so can be be used in various pH levels and temperatures.
Hydroxyethyl Acrylate A gelling agent that thickens, emulsifies, and stabilizes products. It provides a sensation of freshness followed by a melting effect on the skin, leaving skin feeling velvety soft.
Hydroxyethylcellulose A thickening agent and preservative which enhances the texture of a product.
Hydroxyethyl Urea A godsend for dehydrated and aging skin. This humectant helps the skin maintain its moisture levels and improve cell turnover leaving a more youthful and healthier appearance.
Isohexadecane A Skin-conditioning agent which is used to create a creamy thick formula, so when applied to the skin it leaves a non-greasy smooth finish.
Jasminum Officinale (Jasmine) Oil This oil has anti-aging, moisturising and non-irritating properties. The antioxidants will protect the skin from environmental stressors and will reduce the appearance of age spots.
Juniperus Communis (Juniper) Fruit Oil This is a natural astingent and rich in antioxidants which gets rid of the environmental stressors. It also tones and firms the skin so it is often used in toners.
Juniperus mexicana oil This is an aromatic used to treat eczema, oily skin and acne.
Kaolin A soft clay which can be used to cleanse and gently exfoliate the skin, it also controls oil production. With prolonged use it will tone and tighten the skin to give off a more youthful appearance.
Lactic Acid An AHA which helps to minimise acne breakouts and reduce the appearance of wrinkles/ fine lines. It is also a gentle exfoliant to remove dead skin cells.
Lactobacillus Ferment A probiotic which claims to be beneficial for anti-aging and acne but its benefits are brought out when ingested through food or supplements.
Lactobacillus/Soybean Ferment Extract This extract has skin regenerative properties due to the amino acids produced in the fermentation process. It is moisturising and can reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
Laminaria Digitata Extract Kelp is potent with antioxidants and has a high content of water which keeps the skin hydrated and improves skin elasticity. Not only that, It also improves pigmentation and protects sensitive skin.
Laminaria Japonica Extract Seaweed reduces water loss by reinforcing the protective barrier. It also removes toxins from the skin which gives a long-lasting radiant finish to the skin.
Lanette-O This is a brand of Cetearyl Alcohol, which conditions and softens the skin. But regular use of alcohol-based products can seriously damage the skin by weakening the skin's barrier.
Lauryl Alcohol Also known as 1-dodecanol, it is a fatty alcohol which helps to control the texture of the formula and to moisturise dry skin.
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Flower Water Lavender has soothing and healing properties and has antibacterial properties to calm sensitive skin and to reduce acne breakouts .
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil Also known as Lavender Oil, which has antioxidants, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. So it provides relief for eczema, acne and psoriasis. However it is a known allergen.
Lavender Oil This oil has antioxidants, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. So it provides relief for eczema, acne and psoriasis. However it is a known allergen.
Lecithin An emollient and softening agent. Its moisturizing properties help to keep the skin hydrated, making it an excellent addition for restorative creams, or for products designed for overworked skin.
Lemon Oil A natural astringent which has toning and skin-tightening effects. This is ideal for dull, oily and stressed skin. However it advised not to go under direct sunlight after application.
Lime Oil It tones the skin and treats bacterial infections but mostly used for its frangrance. However it is a skin sensitizer and photosensitizer.
Lonicera Japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle) Flower Extract This has skin-soothing abilities which alleviates dry skin and can treat itching and swelling. It has the ability to block free radicals.
Macadamia Integrifolia Seed Oil Rich in fatty acids and an anti-inflammatory which moisturises the skin and penetrates to the deepest layers of the skin. So it's perfect for dry, mature and sensitive skin.
Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil This oil can be used on all skin types and helps improve the function of the lipids barrier - which in truth, helps keep the skin moist and hydrated.
Macrocystis Pyrifera Extract Commonly known as Sea Kelp which is filled with minerals in order to prevent the appearance of fine lines/wrinkles. It is also an anti-septic, anti-irritant and heals damaged skin.
Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate A derivative of Vitamin C which is a potent antioxidant. It soothes and hydrates the skin, in amounts greater than 5% it also evens uneven skin tone and diminishes dark spots.
Maltodextrin A skin-conditioning agent, film-former, emulsion stabiliser and binding agent. When combined with various acids it reduces the irritation of the acids and increases the anti-aging effects.
Malus Domestica Fruit Extract This extract is filled with vitamins to prevent breakouts, eliminate redness in the skin and reduces fine lines/wrinkles and firms the skin.
Malva Sylvestris (Mallow) Extract This extract is a skin-conditioning agent used for its soothing properties as it produces a protective gel that moisturizes skin.
Mandarin Oil This oil treats acne and also helps with anti-aging as it is known to increase the potential to absorb vitamin C which in turn promotes collagen production and stimulate blood flow. It is advised that after the use of this oil do not go under direct sunlight.
Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil Also known as Tea Tree oil which anti-inflammatory properties calm inflamed skin including psoriasis and acne. Please take note that this can cause skin sensitivity if not diluted and should never be ingested.
Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Water Tree tree water works to soothe skin inflammations like psoriasis and has the ability to fight against acne-producting bacteria.
Melissa Officinalis Leaf Extract This extract is rich in antioxidants and calms the skin as it has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties which works well for treating acne and soothes sunburned skin.
Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Leaf Extract A skin conditioning agent that soothes and heals skin problems. It also minimizes the size of pores, tones the skin and improves skin elasticity.
Menthol This herb has skin-soothing and cooling properties but has also issues with skin-sensitizing when used in high concentrations.
Methylpropanediol A solvent which allows absorption of active ingredients. It also has the ability to hydrate the skin to improve the texture and leave a dewy finish.
Moringa Oleifera Leaf Extract An amazing ingredient to help retain moisture as it reinforces the skins protective barrier. It also revitalises the skin to prevent the onset of aging skin.
Morus Alba Fruit Extract White mulberries have anti-inflammatory properties and protects the skin from sun damage which leads to skin aging.
Morus Alba Bark Extract It has antioxidants so it improves uneven skin tone and hyperpigmetation.
Myristyl Alcohol Also known as 1-tetradecanol that is a fatty alcohol which is used as an emollient, thickener and emulsion stabilizer. It is predominantly used to combine oil and liquids.
Myrtus Communis Oil It has antimicrobial, astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties which helps to treat skin ailments. However it has been noted for its skin sensitizing properties.
Natto Gum A potent antioxidant and a fermentation product of soy protein, used in skincare products to help moisturise the skin.
Nelumbo Nucifera Leaf Extract A skin conditioner and moisturising agent that is rich in antioxidants. It also has anti-aging properties and helps balance out the skin and prevent acne and breakouts.
Nephrite Powder It is abrasive so it is used in exfoliating products and is said to have skin revitilizing benefits.
Niacinamide Also known as Vitamin B3 and Nicotinamide, it reinforces the protective barrier. Over time, it will regulate oil levels in the skin, encourage the production of collagen so dark spots, wrinkles/fine lines and hyperpigmentation can be treated.
Ocimum Basilicum (Sweet Basil) Extract This ingredient works great on acne and the antioxidants helps to fight the damage caused by external stressors which could result in acne and fine lines/ wrinkles.
Octyldodeceth-16 This is a sufactant - emulsifying agent.
Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil An emollient and skin-conditioning agent that helps to sooth inflammations and encourages the skin to absorb other ingredients. It is best suited for dry and sensitive skin.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil An emollient that has fatty acids in order improve the skin barrier which will keep the skin hydrated. It also has antioxidant properties due to the phenolic compounds.
Oleic Acid A cleansing agent and texture enhancer which helps to moisturise the skin and is rich in antioxidants to combat signs of aging.
Opuntia Ficus-Indica Extract A humectant which maintains moisture due to its water-binding capabilities. It is rich in antioxidants which soothes sensitive skin and also protects the skin from free radicals.
Oregano Leaf Extract Commonly found in medicated products due to its antifungal, antiseptic and antioxidant properties. It will treat acne and help with reducing oil production in oily skin.
Orientalis Extract Also known as Thuja Orientalis Extract, an emollient, humectant and skin-conditioning agent that imrpoves skin conditions like eczema, acne and psoriasis. It also has antimicrobial and astringent properties.
Origanum Vulgare Leaf Extract Commonly found in medicated products due to its antifungal, antiseptic and antioxidant properties. It will treat acne and help with reducing oil production in oily skin.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract A conditioning agent and exfoliator. It’s rich in antioxidants and fatty acids and has vitamin E known to be great at smoothing and repairing dry, chapped skin.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil A skin-conditioning agent which helps to protect and hydrate the skin. This oil is highly moisturising which helps to replenish dry skin.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Water Rich in antioxidants, vitamin E and fatty acids it hydrates the skin leaving a smooth finish to the skin.
Paeonia Lactiflora Root Extract A skin conditioning agent tones and firms the skin. It has anti-inflammatory, regenerative, powerful antioxidant properties so it is used in toners and lotions.
Palmitoyl Oligopeptide A synthetic peptide also known as pal-KTTKS used in Matrixyl 3000. It helps to fight signs of aging by promoting the production of Collagen.
Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 A synthetic peptide which inhibits the inflammatory responders that leads to signs of aging and uneven skin tone. It is used in the production of Matrixyl 3000.
Panax Ginseng Root Extract A skin-conditioning agent, emollient that protects the skin. It provides hydration, fades uneven skin tone, balances the level of oils and reduces signs of aging.
Pancratium Maritimum Extract It is derived from Sea Daffodils which helps to prevent the formation of dark spots and also provides moisture to the skin.
Panthenol A humectant and an alcohol form of Pantothenic Acid. This penetrates the membrane and binds to water to keep the skin hydrated, over time it develops an anti-inflammatory property.
Papain Derived from Papaya this ingredient is used to exfoliate the skin to help remove dead skin cells.
Parfum (Fragrance) One of the most irritating and allergenic ingredients. It can trigger allergies, asthma, eczema, headaches, hives, irritations, nausea or psoriasis.
Pearl Extract It has skin-regenerative properties thus beneficial for acne prone skin and helps with fine lines/wrinkles. It also reduces signs of hyperpigmentation and redness due to its calming properties.
PEG-32 An emulsifier which keeps ingredients(i.e oils and water) from separating.
PEG/PPG-17/6 Copolymer PEG stands for polyethylene glycol and are usually used as emollients/emulsifiers. They have penetration enhancing effects. PPG stands for polypropylene glycol and shouldn’t be used on damaged skin.
PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate This ingredient is used as a cleanser and emulsifier. It also has moisturising properties which helps to reinforce the protective barrier keeping the moisture in.
PEG-20 Glyceryl Triisostearate An emulsifier and surfactants-cleansing agent which can gently cleanse the skin without leaving an oily residue.
PEG-40 Hydrogenated castor oil An emulsifier and surfactant which helps the skin to keep the moisture locked in by protecting the outer layer of the skin. It shouldn't be used on damaged skin.
PEG-60 Hydrogenated Castor Oil A white paste, derived from castor oil. It’s a surfactant, which helps mix water with oil so dirt can be rinsed away from skin, leaving your skin feeling nice and clean.
PEG-100 Stearate A surfactant-cleansing agent which helps water, oil and dirt to mix together to help cleanse the skin. It is also used as an emulsifier and moisturizer.
Pelargonium Graveolens Flower Oil This helps to balance the production of sebum, calms inflammations, clear acne and relieve eczema.
Pentylene Glycol This is a synthetic humectant and solvent that can have anti-microbial properties.
Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil This is packed with Vitamins A & C and has antioxidant properties to replenish the skin. It is used in cosmetics like eye makeup, cleansing creams, sunscreen and lotions.
Phellinus Linteus Extract A potent antioxidant which protects the skin from free radicals and pollutants. It also helps with acne, aging and sensitivity.
Phenoxyethanol An antibacterial stabilizer and preservative used in cosmetics like perfumes and soaps.
Phytosphingosine This naturally occurs in the skin which can be used to treat dry skin and reinforces the skins protective barrier. Also, it has properties to treat acne.
Pinus Densiflora Extract An antioxidant which has regenerative properties as it promotes the production of collagen and vitamin E. When fermented, the potency is said to be far greater than that of Green Tea Extract.
Piper Methysticum (Kava Kava) Extract A skin conditioning agent that forms a protective barrier on the skin to prevent the loss of water and also give off smoother softer looking skin.
Pisum Sativum (Pea) Extract A fruit that has antioxidants, skin-conditioning, anti-inflammatory and skin protecting properties. It will repair and protect your skin to prevent signs of aging.
Plantago Asiatica Extract Also known as Plantain, this herb contains allantoin which is used as a chemical exfoliant and is a great soothing agent so it's great for treating sunburns. It also combats acne and reduces acne scarring.
Polyglutamic acid (PGA) This ingredient locks in more moisture than hyaluronic acid due to its ability to form a smooth and soft film on the skin to create a protective barrier.
Polyglyceryl-10 Caprylate/Caprate An ester that is used to stabilize products in which ingredients naturally will not emulsify together. It is also a solvent which creates a gentle cleansing agent.
Polyglyceryl-10 Decaoleate An emulsifying agent that has dispersion properties where it is used in lotions, foams and creams.
Polyglyceryl-10 Laurate A skin-conditioning and surfactant emulsifying agent that is great in moisturizers and is also used in cleansers.
Polyglyceryl-10 Myristate A skin-conditioning and surfactant emulsifying agent which provides the skin with fats that will lock in the moisture. It also is a film-forming agent which is commonly found in moisturizers.
Polygonum Multiflorum Root Extract A skin-conditioner which provides the skin with necessary fats in order to reduce the loss of water in the skin. It is also used to treat skin ailments like eczema and acne.
Polysorbate 20 An emulsifying agent and a surfactant which will help to combine ingredients in the product. This is widely used in shower gels, soaps, cleansers and moisturizers.
Polysorbate 60 A surfactant, emulsifier and solubilizer which can combine oils, sebum and water - making it a great cleanser.
Polysorbate 80 Also known as Tween 80, it is a surfactant and emulsifier so it is used in skin cleansing products and skin fresheners.
Portulaca Oleracea Extract An antioxidant with skin soothing properties. It’s a useful treatment for inflammatory skin injuries like boils and cuts and can also be used to help treat dermatitis and psoriasis.
Potassium Cetyl Phosphate A surfactant and emulsifying agent that can be used as a detergent and cleansing agent in products like facial cleansers, sunscreens and moisturizers.
Potassium Hydroxide A cleansing agent that requires a small amount of water to work and balances out the skin's pH, so it is used in products like cleansers, sunscreens and soaps.
Primula Veris Extract A cleansing agent which is packed full of beta-carotene, vitamin C, calcium, sodium, potassium and salicylates. Its antioxidants helps to diminish acne blemishes and rashes.
Propanediol A skin conditioning agent and humectant that reduces the thickness of a product. It is hydrating which leaves the skin dewy and smooth which is ideal in uses of moisturisers.
Propylene Glycol A petroleum based colourless liquid used as a solvent to absorb extra water in medicines, cosmetics and even processed food products. Some people can develop sensitivity to this ingredient.
Propolis Extract Propolis has skin soothing properties and also helps to treat acne. It also reinforces the skins barrier to block external stressors which lead to acne and aging skin.
Prunella Vulgaris Extract An antioxidant which contains tannins that provides its anti-inflammatory properties which will ease swelling and inflammations such as acne. It also has astringent properties.
Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil This oil nourishes and moisturises the skin as it penetrates the deepest layers of the skin. It also prevents sun damage and soothe skin irritations.
Prunus persica (Peach) Fruit extract Peach has anti-inflammatory properties and has the ability to promote collagen growth so it works well in treating acne and for aging skin.
Prunus Serotina (Wild Cherry) Fruit Extract Black cherry extract is packed full of antioxidants and has anti-inflammatory properties. This helps to calm the skin and prevents pre-mature aging.
Pueraria Lobata Root Extract Kudzu roots are known for its healing agents that can solve your skin problem woes. It stimulates the skin's epidermis which will help to firm up the skin.
Pulsatilla Koreana Extract A native Korean plant used in traditional herbal medicine and has therapeutic, anti-inflammatory effects.
Punica Granatum Fruit Extract Pomegranate extract has antioxidant properties and fights free radicals. It also stimulates collagen production, great for improving skin elasticity and keeping the skin firm.
Pyridoxine HCI Also known as Vitamin B6, a conditioning agent used to retain moisture into the skin which is amazing for dry skin. It is also claimed to have anti-bacterial and antioxidant benefits.
Rehmannia Chinensis Root Extract The root extract is known to help reduce inflammation and restore damaged skin.
Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil Castor oil contains monounsaturated fatty acids which can be used as a skin-conditioning agent and emollient.
Rosa Canina (Dog Rose) Fruit Extract Also known as Rose Hip Oil,a skin-conditioning agent which is a source of Vitamin C. It is an all-rounder as it contains moisturizing properties, encourages production of collagen and has healing properties.
Rosa Canina Fruit Oil This oil is great for stimulating collagen production and improving skin elasticity. It also protects the skin against sun damage and soothes irritated skin.
Rosa Centifolia (Cabbage Rose) Flower Water A pH adjuster which has a pH close to human skin. It is also hydrating, fights free radicals and has anti-inflammatory properties.
Rosa Damascena (Rose) Flower Oil This oil fights acne, fights free radicals, keeps the skin hydrated, clears hyperpigmentation and contributes to firmer, toned looking skin.
Rose Flower Oil This oil fights acne, fights free radicals, keeps the skin hydrated, clears hyperpigmentation and contributes to firmer, toned looking skin.
Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Extract Potent with antioxidants and has antibiotic, disinfecting, anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces fine lines/wrinkles, treats acne and also soothes skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
Royal Jelly Extract This extract helps to moisturise the skin and slow down signs of aging. It also treats skin conditions like eczema and acne as it has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
Rubus Idaeus (Raspberry) Fruit Extract This summer fruit is packed full of antioxidants and is a natural source of salicylic acid. So it's unclogs pores, treating acne and fights free radicals.
Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate A skin conditioning agent which is rich in essential amino acids and minerals to moisturise, brighten and soothe skin. It also improves the appearance of fine lines.
Salicornia Herbacea Extract A Skin-Conditioning agent which has antioxidant properties and helps the skin to stay hydrated by keeping the moisture in.
Salix Alba (White Willow) Bark Extract A source of salicylic acid and can soothe acne and skin conditions like eczema, rosacea and psoriasis. It also fights free radicals, helps to tighten pores and control oils.
Salix Nigra (Black Willow) Bark Extract An extract which balances the pH of the skin and encourages cell regeneration, ideal for acne prone skin. It also soothes irritated skin.
Salmon Egg Extract This extract contains proteins, amino and fatty acids, lipids and vitamins which contributes to its anti-aging properties - tightening pores and improving the appearance of fine lines/wrinkles.
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Leaf Extract A skin-conditioning agent which fights bacteria and fungi that causes acne. It also fights free radicals and controls sebum production.
Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Extract A mild astringent which works well for clearing up blemishes and acne. It also controls sebum production which makes it great for oily, combination and blemish-prone skin.
Sargassum Fulvellum Extract A type of algae which acts as antioxidants, water-binding agents and thickening agents. It is said to slow down the process of aging but it is also a known skin sensitizer.
Scutellaria Baicalensis Root Extract It used to manage acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Sea Cucumber Extract This prevents spoilage of formulas and treats wounds and cuts. It also fights free radicals by creating a protective barrier against damaging UV rays - slowing down the process of aging in skin.
Sea Water Sea water has minerals which can clear pores, balances sebum production, exfoliate and soothe skin and can destroy bacteria that causes acne and rosacea.
Sesamum Indicum (Sesame)  Seed Extract This oil treats and prevents damage from UV rays. It also gets rid of toxins as it binds with the toxins. It keeps skin moisturised protecting the skin from rashes and helpful for dry skin.
Shea Butter An emollient that also works as a moisturiser and helps repair skin. Also works as an effective remedy for dark spots, wrinkles, stretch marks and sunburn.
Sh-Oligopeptide-1 A skin-conditioning agent which has regenerative properties helping your skin retain its elasticity and slowing down the aging process.
Silica This is a mineral used as an absorbant agent to absorb moisture and sweat. It is also used to improve spreadability of make up formulas.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil Jojoba oil is a moisturising agent which has a long-lasting moisturising effect on the skin. It has no scent and is perfect for those with sensitive skin as it is a gentle ingredient.
Snail Secretion filtrate Snail mucus is an amazing ingredient which needs to be in your regime! It smoothes and soothes irritated skin whilst also keeping your skin hydrated as it is a humectant.
Sodium Acrylate/ Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer This ingredient is an emulsifier and texture enhancer which helps to give the formula a non sticky gel like texture.
Sodium Anisate This is a natural preservative which keeps the formulas for spoiling and has antimicrobial properties to kill bacteria and fungi on skin and in the product.
Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate This is a stable derivative of Vitamin C which works as an antioxidant and has brightening properties. It has also been found to help with treating acne.
Sodium Citrate A buffering agent which can be used to control the formulas pH level. It also acts as a preservative to keep the formula intact and free from contamination.
Sodium Hyaluronate A sodium salt of hyaluronic acid that has the ability to penetrate skin and hold on to water making it a popular ingredient for anti-aging products.
Sodium Hydroxide A buffering agent which is used to balance the pH of the formula to match the pH of the skin.
Sodium Levulinate This is a preservative and skin-conditioning agent. It should be noted that it is a derivative of levulinic acid which has been found to be an irritant.
Sodium Polyacrylate A synthetic polymer, that is used as a thickening agent in skincare products. It can be found in products like cleansers and detergents.
Sodium Starch Octenylsuccinate An emulsifier and absorbent that controls the viscosity of the formula to ensure the formula is well binded whilst also allowing the absorption of other products onto the skin.
Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Fruit Extract Tomato fruit extract can narrow the pores leaving your skin looking youthful and stimulate the process of renewal and production of new cells which help clean the skin.
Sophora Flavescens Root Extract An antioxidant and skin-conditioning agent mainly used to treat skin conditions like psoriasis.
Sorbitan Oleate A Surfactant-Emulsifying agent used to combine ingredients together, it is usually used in moisturizers and skin cleansing products.
Sorbitan Sesquioleate An emollient which is a combination of sobitol and fatty acids.
Spirulina Platensis Extract It has skin regeneration, anti-inflammatory properties and it is packed full of antioxidants it fights free radicals. It is also an antimicrobial which kills of the yeast which causes breakouts.
Squalane This oil undergoes a hydrogenation process, which turns it from unsaturated oil to saturated oil. The good new oil leaves your skin hydrated, so is great as a moisturiser.
Stearyl Alcohol An emulsion stabilizer and conditioning agent which is used to create smooth, soft supple skin.
Styrax Japonicus Branch/Fruit/Leaf Extract A skin-conditioning agent which makes the skin appear smooth and soft. Also removes impurities without stripping the skin of its natural oils.
Sucrose Distearate A skin-conditioning agent and emulsifier which is used to combine oil and water. It also helps to make the skin feel smooth and soft.
Sucrose Stearate A sweet little mixture of sugar sucrose (like sugar cane) and stearic acid (like from cocoa butter). It helps soften the skin texture and prevents the development of bacteria.
Tangerine Blossom Extract Tangerines have anti-inflammatory properties and delays the onset of fine lines. It also brightens the skin and encourages skin cell turnover.
Theobroma Cacao (Cacao) Seed Powder Cacao is great for anti-aging as it helps to firm up the skin, repairs and protects the skin from free radical damage - which would lead to fine lines/wrinkles.
Thuja Orientalis Extract An emollient, humectant and skin-conditioning agent that imrpoves skin conditions like eczema, acne and psoriasis. It also has antimicrobial and astringent properties.
Tocopheryl Acetate A specific form of vitamin E and antioxidant that is great for protecting your skin from those pesky damaging compounds (free radicals derived from UV exposure).
Trehalose A humectant and moisturising agent that has been found to be even more hydrating than Hyaluronic acid as it draws water from the environment preventing cell damage.
Triceteareth-4 Phosphate An emulsifying surfactant that is not safe for use on damaged skin. It is commonly used in men’s after shave post balm.
Triethanolamine A buffering agent, pH adjuster, emollient and masking agent.
Triethylhexanoin This is a skin conditioning agent which is a pure fat used in cosmetics.
Tromethamine Tromethamine is a common additive in cosmetics, it helps adjust the pH of the skin, it has also been listed as a fragrance.
Tween-60 Also known as Polysorbate-60 which is an emulsifier, thickening agent and surfactant to create oil-in-water emulsifiers.
Ulmus Campestris (Elm) Extract A skin conditioning agent which helps the skin to retain its moisture and also helps to heal skin conditions like eczema.
Urea Also known as Allantoin which has the ability to hydrate and soothe the skin. It is effective at treating wounds, burns, skin ulcers and eczema.
Usnea Barbata (Lichen) Extract An antibacterial agent with a documented history of therapeutic use dating back 3,000 years in Chinese medicine. It’s used in deodorants and other products to help prevent odours.
Vaccinium Angustifolium (Blueberry) Fruit Extract A skin-protecting and soothing agent which is rich in antioxidants. It helps to treat acne, regenerates skin to provide a radiant glow.
Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Fruit Extract An astringent that is a potent antioxidant which hydrates skin and improves the protective barrier. It also has anti-inflammatory properties which will heal eczema and calm sensitive skin.
Vanilla Planifolia (Vanilla) Fruit Extract It is normally used for its fragrance but it also has antioxidants and soothing agents to calm sensitive skin.
Verbena Officinalis (Vervain) Extract An extract which soothes irritated skin and also alleviates symptoms from skin infections. It also removes excess oil by acting as an astringent.
Veronica Officinalis (Speedwell) Extract A skin-conditioning agent which has anti-inflammatory and skin lightening properties. It is also an astringent and soothes sensitive skin.
Vesiculosus Extract Bladderwrack is rich in antioxidants and fights free radicals. It has water-binding properties which keeps the skin hydrated thus improving skin elasticity.
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil The high level antioxidants found in grape seed oil helps firm and nourish the skin and aid skin repair, cellular turnover and even skin tones.
Water Water helps improve product consistency and spreadability, helps improve ingredient penetration and absorption.
White Mulberry Extract It has antioxidants so it improves uneven skin tone and hyperpigmetation.
Xanthan Gum A moisturising gel produced by fermented corn sugar, that helps thicken products and aids consistency for easy dispensing of products.
Xylitol A thickener, humectant and texture enhancer which reinforces the skin barrier keeping the skin hydrated.
Xylitylglucoside A humectant and skin-conditioner that stimulates the body to create hyaluronic acid which is known for its hydration properties.
Zanthoxylum Piperitum Peel Extract Also known as the Japanese Pepper, the peels of the fruit has been found to have long lasting lifting effects, great for anti-aging.
Zanthoxylum Piperitum Fruit Extract Known as the Japanese pepper, it offers plenty of antioxidants that are good at combating free radicals and slow down the effects of aging.


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